Tools: Week One
- 1 Week One goals
- 2 Wiki practice
- 3 Palaeographic tips
- 4 Introductory reading on the English Admiralty Court
Week One goals
In the first week of the MarineLives Autumn Transcription Programme we will:
(1) Learn basic wiki writing and editing skills by creating biographical profiles, by adding to an online index of Admiralty Court witnesses, and by creating new form-based wiki pages with accompanying images ready for transcription.
(2) Take a look at some of the palaeographical challenges presented in English Admiralty Court documents, together with a number of MarineLives resources such as check-lists and glossaries to help solve these challenges.
(3) Look at the legal world of sailors, the functioning of the English Admiralty Court, and the use to which Court records can be put by historians.
The best way to learn wiki writing and editing skills is through practice.
Creating a short biography
This week we will practice wiki writing skills by each team member writing a short text profile and uploading a thumbnail photograph to accompany the text. The profiles should be published on the page named Biographies
Writing wiki text
(1) Go to the page named Biographies and click on the edit button in the top right hand corner of the page. You will need to be logged into the wiki with your UserName and Password to be able to get into edit mode. Remember that UserNames and Passwords are case sensitive. Please contact the team facilitator if you have any trouble with your UserName and /or Password.
(2) Type in the text of your profile. Use carriage return and a line space if you wish to separate lines in the text when published.
(3) Make use of bold, underlining and italics as you see fit in your text. To see how to produce those effects go to Sandbox and look at the page in edit mode.
(4) Click "Save page" at the bottom of the page in edit mode to save and publish the text
(5) To change the content, highlighting and layout return to edit mode, make your desired changes and save the page again.
(6) To view earlier versions of the page click "View history" in the top right hand corner of the page
Uploading a photograph for your profile
To upload a photograph you will need to do the following:
(1) Go to the Tools header in the vertical sidebar of the MarineLives wiki and click on "Upload File"
(2) Use the browse option under "Source file" to find the name of the photograph you wish to upload from your computer, and select this file
(3) Click the "Upload file" at the bottom of the "Upload file" window
(4) A new window will open which will display the file you have uploaded
(5) Insert the uploaded file into your profile of yourself using the following expression: [TO BE COMPLETED: ADD THUMBNAIL IMAGE]
Learning editing skills
This week we will learn some basic wiki editing skills, whilst also contributing to the development of the MarineLives wiki in terms of search tools and digital image uploads.
Adding to the HCA 13/63 index of deponents
We have begun to create an online index of deponents (witnesses) for the volume of English Admiralty Court depositions named HCA 13/63. To practice creating text links within the MarineLives wiki, we would like each of you to add to this index.
(2) Click on the edit button at the top right hand corner of the page to be able to edit the whole page.
(3) Alternatively, click the edit button to the right hand side of each section of ten folios to be able to edit just that section.
(4) Take a look at a section which has already had links added to the relevant folios. For example, ff.10r-19v. This will reveal the symbols you will need to use to create new links.
[COMPLETE THIS SECTION]
Creating and editing new content pages
The MarineLives wiki uses two types of pages: form based pages and free-form pages. This week we are going to learn how to create a form based page, how to upload a digital image of a manuscript page to that page, and how to add transcribed text to the same page.
We will be creating new pages for the HCA 13/63 volume of depositions - the original volume has 535 folios in total, but to date we have created electronic pages for ff.1r to ff.449v.
Each team member will be asked to create 3 new pages, and will be sent the relevant digital images by email, so that they can upload them to the pages they create
(1) You will see in the vertical sidebar in this wiki a section called "Forms", which includes a button called "Create Page". Click on this button and we will create a new Form-based page together.
(2) Enter into empty box on the page named "Form:Page" the name of the new page you wish to create and press the "create or edit" button. For example, enter "HCA 13/63 f.450r Annotate". If a page of that name already exists, a window will open displaying that page in edit mode. If there is no page of that name, a window will open with blank fields for "Page Details" and "Transcription details"
(3) Enter the correct data into the blank fields for the "Page details" of the page you are creating.
In the case of HCA 13/63 f.450r Annotate:
Parent volume = HCA 13/63 (chose from a dxrop down menu)
Folio = 450 (type the number)
Side = Recto (chose from drop down menu)
Status = Type "Requires image" (or if image is being uploaded at same time as page is created type "Uploaded image")
First transcriber = Type "Untranscribed"
On = Leave blank; once first cut transcription has been made select date of transcription from calendar drop down men
Editorial history = Leave blank; add summary text at editorial stage of transcription process
Note = Type "IMAGE: XXXX" and replace "XXXX" with the image ID for the digital image of the manuscript page. In this case "IMG_113_02_6647.jpg"
(4) The image can be uploaded at the time the page is created, or at a later date, after saving the page without the image
(5) To upload a manuscript image, find the correct image ID for the page you are creating, and either drag and drop the image to the "Transcription image" section of the page, or press the button "Upload new image" and browse your computer to find the correct image ID and then upload.
(6) You will see a horizontal bar growing in length across the screen as the image uploads, and when uploaded a thumbnail of the image will appear embedded in the page framework
(7) Scroll to the bottom of the page once the image thumbnail has appeared and press the "Save page" button
(8) Once the image is rendered, you will see the page with the text metadata you have entered and a large thumbnail of the manuscript image
We have created a wiki sandbox for you to see and practice some simple wiki formats. You will need to click on the edit button at the top right hand corner of the Sandbox page to see the wiki code which produces different formats, and different image sizes and positions on a page.
Palaeographical challenges in English Admiralty Court records
In our Week 1 Skype call we will review pages from three types of Admiralty Court document: Acts of Court; Personal Answers; and Depositions. In team discussion we will explore some of the specific palaeographical challenges of each type of document.
The three specific documents we will be using will be:
HCA 3/46 (Act books, 1654-56)
HCA 13/124 (Personal answers, 1650-52)
HCA 13/71 (Depositions, 1656-57)
Avoiding transcription errors
We have developed an alphabetical list of words which past experience tells us can cause problems for transcribers of English Admiralty Court documents. You may wish to browse the list prior to starting transcription, or use it as a look-up aid when transcribing.
Glossaries are a useful resource when stuck on a word or phrase. You may find the following glossaries useful. Please feel free to add to and edit the glossaries during the course of your own transcription work and reading of English Admiralty Court material, including links to the relevant MarineLives wiki pages.
- a glossary of traded commodities taken from mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents, second half of the C17th Chancery Court documents relating to commercial disputes, second half of the C17th Prerogative Court of Canterbury merchants' inventories, and a London coastal portbook from the 1650s.
- a glossary of geographical terms taken from mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents, second half of the C17th Chancery Court documents relating to commercial disputes, and second half of the C17th Prerogative Court of Canterbury merchants' inventories.
- a glossary of legal terms used in the English High Court of Admiralty taken from mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents.
- a glossary of marine terms taken from mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents, second half of the C17th Chancery Court documents relating to commercial disputes, and second half of the C17th Prerogative Court of Canterbury merchants' inventories.
Introductory reading on the English Admiralty Court
The following five readings provide an introduction to the legal world of sailors and to the English Admiralty Court. Team members should contact their team facilitator for access to these readings.
Richard J. Blakemore, The Legal World of English Sailors, c. 1575-1729 in Maria Fusaro, Bernard Allaire, Richard J. Blakemore and Tijl Vanneste, eds, Law, Labour and Empire: Comparative Perspectives on Seafarers, c. 1500-1800 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2015)
MarineLives Project Team, Introduction to the High Court of Admiralty, online wiki resource (2012)
R.G. Marsden, 'The High Court of Admiralty in Relation to National History, Commerce and the Colonisation of America, A.D. 1550-1650', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, New Series, Vol. 16 (1902), pp. 69-96
George F. Steckley, Merchants and the Admiralty Court during the English Revolution, The American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Apr. 1978), pp. 137-175
George F. Steckley, Instance Cases at Admiralty in 1657: A Court 'Packed Up with Sutors', The Journal of Legal History, 7:1 (1986), pp. 68-83