Peter Mathews

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Peter Mathews
Person Peter Mathews
First name Peter
Middle name(s)
Last name Mathews
Spouse of
Widow of
Occupation Merchant
Secondary shorebased occupation
Mariner occupation
Associated with ship(s)
Training Not apprentice
Is apprentice of
Was apprentice of
Had apprentice(s)
Citizen Unknown
Literacy Signature
Has opening text Peter Mathewes
Has signoff text Peter Mathews
Signoff image (Invalid transcription image)
Language skills English language
Has interpreter
Birth street
Birth parish
Birth town
Birth county
Birth province
Birth country
Res street
Res parish
Res town London
Res county
Res province
Res country England
Birth year 1618
Marriage year
Death year 1658
Probate date March 8, 1658
First deposition age 37
Primary sources
Act book start page(s)
Personal answer start page(s)
Allegation start page(s)
Interrogatories page(s)
Deposition start page(s) HCA 13/70 f.171v Annotate, HCA 13/73 f.202v Annotate
Chancery start page(s)
Letter start page(s)
Miscellaneous start page(s)
Act book date(s)
Personal answer date(s)
Allegation date(s)
Interrogatories date(s)
Deposition date(s) Jan 10 1655, Apr 22 1659
How complete is this biography?
Has infobox completed Yes
Has synthesis completed No
Has HCA evidence completed No
Has source comment completed No
Ship classification
Type of ship N/A
Silver Ship litigation in 1650s
Role in Silver Ship litigation None

Biographical synthesis

Peter Mathews (alt. Mathewes; alt. Pieter Mattheus) (b. ca. 1618; d. poss. 1658). Merchant.

Elder brother of Middleburg and London merchant Baldwin Mathews.

Third child of London cloth merchant Baldwin Mathews (Bauduwijn Mattheus) and wife Anna Regoot. The children in order of birth were Maurities (Sep 5 1613), Anna (Apr 30 1615), Petrus (Peter) (Mar 23 1617), Sarah (Jan 31 1619), Baldwin (Balduinus) (Jul 2 1620), Joannes (Aug 25 1622), and Maria (Jan 16 1625). Following the death of Baldwin Mathews, Peter's father, his mother Anna Regoot remarried another London cloth merchant, Paul Ganne (b. ?; d. 1637).[1]

Peter Mathews married ca. 1640 Sara Vanbrugh [TBC], a daughter of London merchant Giles Vanbrugh. With the marriage in 1649 of Sara's sister Anna Vanbrugh, Peter Mathews became the brother-in-law of London merchant Simon Delboe (b. ?; d. ca. 1676).[2] Two children of "Pieter Mattheus" and wife Sara were christened in 1640 and 1645 in the Dutch church at Austin Friars, and a further seaven children were christened between 1641 and 1653 in the parish of Saint Martin Orgar.[3]

Probably resident in the parish of Saint Martin Orgar from at least 1641 to 1653, if not consierably longer. His residence was recorded in his 1655 High Court of Admiralty deposition simply as London[4].

The 1662 hearth tax record for Saint Martin Orgar's precinct shows Peter Mathews (and Bauldwin Mathews) 10 Hearths.[5]

Evidence from High Court of Admiralty


Deposition of Samuel Beake, son of London merchant Arnold Beake. In his deposition Samuel Beake mentions Arnold Beake, his father, Mr Peter Mathews, and John Dolins, who were owners of the Saint John, which carryed 300 pigs of lead lead from London to Nantes, to be invested in wine and vinegar in Nantes, and then transported to Flanders.[6]

October 1653

Deposition of James Hedgethorne, servant to Arnold Beake, dated October 10th 1653

Twenty-one year old Peter Soen, servant to Peter Mathews, deposed on October 14th 1653 in the "The clayme of Beake and Mathewes for the shipp the Saint John and the wynes and vinager in her". The ship the Saint John was bought by Arnold Beake and Peter Mathews for £490-07-00 sterling, and paid with a bill of exchange drawn from Holland on Peter Mathews by order of one Mr Anthins de Sonde. Peter Som was the servant and cashier of Mr Peter Mathews, had access to and wrote his correspondence, and made entries into Mathews' books of accompt.[7]

January 1655

Thirty-seven year old Peter Mathews deposed on January 10th 1655 in the High Court of Admiralty. He was examined on an allegation in the cause of "Peter Cock and Baldwin Matthewes for their silver in the shipp Saint John Baptist.[8]

October 1656

Elias Beake made personal answers on October 28th 1656 to a libel given against him and Peter Mathewes in the name of John Salter and others as mariners of the late ship called the James (Master: James Hedgethorne).[9]

April 1659

Forty-two year old Peter Mathews deposed on April 22nd 1659 in the High Court of Admiralty. He was examined on an allegation in the cause of "XX".

The case concerned XX

Comment on sources


PROB 11/175/84 Will of Paul Ganne of Saint George Botolph Lane, City of London; 21 September 1637


Parliamentary Archives, Reference: HL/PO/JO/10/1/180 Description: 10 February 1645 -- Petition of Peter de la Salle and Peter Matthews, French merchants on the behalf of themselves, and the most excellent Prince Bernard Duke D'Espernon in the kingdom of France. James Pickering and others, brought an action against the Duke D'Espernon, and De la Salle, his bail, charged in execution, imprisoned and a commission of bankruptcy taken out against him.


"20 Nov. 1646. Henry Wollaston, of Waltham Abbey, in the county of Essex, Esquire,, and Thomas Burnell, of London, Esquire, sold four messuages in Laurence Pountney Lane to Peter Matthewes, of the parish of St. Martin Orgar, in London, Merchant, and William Van Brugh, of London, Merchant."[10]


C 10/14/6 James Austen v Grace Savaidge [Savage], Peter Mathewes, John Lemknell and Anna his wife, and John Sporwood: St Saviour, Southwark, Surrey 1652


PROB 11/274/94 Will of Peter Mathewes, Merchant of Saint Lawrence Pountney, City of London 08 March 1658


East Sussex Record Office, Reference: ASH/4501/830 Description: By RICHARD RELF of Dallington, gent., to PETER MATHEWES of London, merchant, and BONDUIN MATHEWES, mercht., sons of Anna Regoot, widow, the relict of Paul Ganne, and PETER LYSTEN of London, merchant, son of Anne Mathewes, daughter of the said Anna Regoot, - for £1000 - of all that messuage or tenement called Griggs, with barn, stables & c belonging and lands, meadow &c. in Brightling and Dallington. Date: 1 Nov 1664

East Sussex Record Office, Reference: ASH/4501/832 DEscription: Between PETER MATHEWES, BOND' MATHEWES and PETER LISTEN, querent, and RICHARD RELFE, gent., deforciant, of a messuage, barn, garden, orchard, 33 ac. of land, 10 ac. of meadow, 66 ac. of pasture and 4 ac. of wood in Dallington and Brightlinge. Michs. term, 16 Chas. 1664

Ole Peter Grell (XXX) identifies the marriage in 1628 of Anna Reggot from Haarlem (widow of Mattheus Baudewin) to Paulus Ganne from Leiden.

<re>'Appendiz III: Marriage and children of members of Austin Friars, primarily elders and deacons' in Ole Peter Grell, Dutch Calvinists in Early Stuartr London: The Dutch Church in Austin Friars, 1603-1642 (Leiden, 1989), p.273</ref>


C 6/84/10 Short title: Lodowicke v Mathewes. Plaintiffs: Francis Lodowicke. Defendants: Peter Mathewes. Subject: money matters. Document type: answer only. 1675


PROB 11/354/138 Will of Peter Mathews, Merchant and Mercer of London 28 May 1677
  1. Online genealogical resource: 'Bio: Peter Mathews' in 'Markham of Chesterfield', viewed 06/11/2016
  3. Online genealogical resource: 'Bio: Peter Mathews' in 'Markham of Chesterfield', viewed 06/11/2016
  4. HCA 13/70 f.171v
  6. hca 13/68 ADD REFERENCE
  7. HCA 13/68 f.367v
  8. HCA 13/70 f.171v
  9. HCA 13/128 DD DETAILS
  10. Harry Bristow, A History of the Parish of St. Laurence Pountney, London (London, 1831), p.208