Tools: Textiles, garments, & dyes glossary

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Textiles, garments, & dyes glossary



Purpose

A communally created glossary of textiles, garments, & dyes taken from early and mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents, second half of the C17th Chancery Court documents relating to commercial disputes, second half of the C17th Prerogative Court of Canterbury merchants' inventories, and a London coastal portbook from the 1650s.

The terms are referenced to primary manuscript sources, typically linked to manuscript images and full text transcriptions. As of 11/01/2018, the glossary contains 900+ terms.

Contributing to the glossary

We are using the @Marinelivesorg Twitter account to solicit new commentary and edits on specific terms, which we are incorporating into the glossary. We will acknowledge all contributions, but reserve the right (with the agreement of contributors) to make small editorial changes. Recent tweets related to the glossary can be found at #C17textilesglossary

Contributors

In alphabetical order:

Dr Aaron Allen, Dr Carolyn Arena, Freyalynn Close-Hainsworth, Eglantine, Dr Karwan Fatah-Black, Helen Good, Colin Greenstreet, Tracey E Griffiths, Viveka Hansen, Heather Knight, Dr Marcin Krygier, M.L. Logue, the pseudonymous Mapnut, Dr Angela McShane, Angela Middleton, Frances Owen, Tim Parry-Williams, Dr Michael Pearce, Dr Sophie Pitman, Dr Jo Pugh, Dr Deborah Sherlock, Ian Stoll, Peter Taylor, Dr Samantha Thompson, Rebecca Unsworth



NEW TERMS, W/C 08/01/2018

Black beaver hatt; Blacke velvett; Bowlas cloth; Britches; Chimney cloth; Claspes at his breeches; COLOURS: azur, blacke and crimsome, black and purple, black and white, cromsoine, crimsome, incarnation, lead coller, orangecoller, seagreene, skey coller, skeycoller, tawney, watershell, wood coller; Combed English wooll; Cunny skinns; Cutting house; Cutting roome; Dry horse hydes; English woad; English yarne; Feathermaker; ffell wooll; Fine slotias; Flaxen table clothes; Goats wooll; Gold and silver mohaire; Gray broadcloth; Hart hydes, Hatbands; Holland cupboard clothes; Jersey stockings; Lyned hangings of paragon; Mort kid skinns, Mort lambe skinns, Old ffeathere boulsters; Old stript stuff; Pack cloathes; Pladd, Pladding; Rabbets skinns; Scarlett coloured sattin morning coate; Searge hangings; Searge funiture; Sherling sheepe skins; Slaughtered kidskinns; Slaughtered lambe skinns; Loose cunny skinns, Stript cupbord cloth; Tannd calveskinns; Teastor; Tykeing towell; Untawed lambe skinns; Vallons; Velvet chaires; Wadmell; Wadmell mittens; White curtaines; Woollen fflox; Would for dyers

NEW TERMS, W/C 15/01/2018

Bollangna silke; Bombazin; Bombazin of Hamborough; Minke skinns; Ordinary Naples; Roane Linnens; Silk laces of Paris; Taffata's of Granada



NEW CONTRIBUTIONS, W/C 01/01/2018

Black silke poynts; Blew starch; Damaskillias; Galls; Napkins of birdseye worke; Napkins of rose and crame worke; Oaken bark

NEW CONTRIBUTIONS, W/C 08/01/2018

Beaver hatt; Castor hatts; Hatts; Furs; Rich furrs; Would






Index



A


Adorettas ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[1]
Allum (alt. allom) ("wax, grogeram yarne silke, cotton yarne and allum to be carried to Ligorne"[2];"28 caske of allom")[3]
Anil
Ardas silke[4]

Avinion silk
Azur[5]


B


Baies
Bandstrings
Basan silke ("imprimus one bagg of Basan silke 58 lb neat at 20 s per lbl")[6]
Bayes ("serges, bayes, sayes Norwich stuffes perpetuanes, and other goods, and after the same were provided, and bought the same were shipped on board a shipp called the Mackarel to bee carried and transported to Amsterdam")[7]
Bayes clothes ("4 bales of bayes clothes")[8]
Beads ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[9]
Beads of gold ("a rosarie of one hundred and fifty beads of gold laid upon precious wood, and linked togeather with a gold chaine, the said rosarie amounting in value to fifty pounds sterling or thereabouts")[10]
Beaver ("one barrell of beaver and one fearkin of suckets")[11]
Beaver hatt ("the arlate Robert Page was owner and lawfull proprietor and in possession of a certaine negro and of a beaver hatt, and died possessed thereof on or about the 23:th day of June last on Nevis one of the Caribbe islands"[12]; [INVENTORY: the Right honourable Sir John Kelying late Lord Cheife Justice of his Majestties Court of Kings Bench ] "In the chamber on my ladies chamber...2 beaver hatts")[13]; "three beaver hatts, worth 29 li 15 s sterling"[14]; "Hugh fforth did in the moneth of ffebruary 1656 cause to be laden and put on board the interrogate shipp the ffrancis and John whereof the interrogate Lawrence Browneing was master, then lyeing in the River of Thames and bound for Bantam interrogate two chests conteyning sixe and twenty beavers and thirteene felts marked and numbered as in the margent...to be transported in her for Bantam"[15]; COMMENTARY: Dr Michael Pearce notes a "1638 patent TNA E214/977, May 1638 To Sir David Cunningham, receiver general to the prince: Lease of the duty on beaver hats and caps made by the Beaver-makers of London, and part of the value of foreign made hats and caps illegally imported and seized; 21 years; £500"; SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[16]
Beaver skinns ("the said barrill att the time of the said lading containeing ninety eight beaver skinns, seaven otter skinns. and fower minx skinns"[17]; "the captaine of the said man of warr...came aboard the said ship the Pine-apple [A DUTCH SHIP] and violently tooke and carried away out of the same twenty whole beaver skinns and 4. otters skinns and foure other skinns called minke skinns and about 150. pounds of Virgina tobaccoe, the said beaver skinns being each worth 10. gilders in the whole 200. gilders and the said otter skinns and minke skinns worth fortie gilders and the said tobaccoee at 10. styvers the pound was worth in all five and seaventy gilders the whole summe amounting to three hundred and fifteen gilders or one and thirty pounds ten shillings sterling")[18]
Bede boulster
Belts
Bengall carpett ("if without any great prejudice to you you could contribute a sett of carpetts to adorne it; it would appeare theare to your honor, and a most acceptable thing to all; the roome is 20 ffeett square and a handsome oueld table bespoke for it; therefore the carpett for that must bee noless than 3 yds broad and a bout 4 yards long; the side board carpett of the ordinary life of these things At Bengall Kit sayed they are cheapest and they would make them there of what size you would bespeake them"[19]
Bengall taffetaes (alt. Bengall taffaties) ("certain Bengall taffaties ten shillings p peece")[20]
Bever-wool
Black bayes
Black beaver hatt ("I give and bequeath unto my esteemed good freind Master John Petitt my black beaver hatt")[21]
Black cloth ("I give and bequeath into my said sonne George all my beddinge and all other goodes whatsoever in my studdy and shamber att Cliffords Inn aforesaid excepte my bible (before excepted and the peece of black cloth conteyninge fower yardes London measure lyinge in the chest in my studdie there")[22]
Black cloth cloake
Black hat bands
Black hatts
Black hoods
Black kersey (alt. blacke kersey)
Black lace
Black silke poynts ("All sorts of taffeta ribbon in a paper worth 9 li 3 s ten dozen of black silke poynts worth 1 li 8 s")[23] COMMENTARY: (1) Helen Good: "ties to hold your clothes together, as in - his points being broken down fell his hose" (2) Eglantine: "Strings for tying your hose or trousers to doublet? In this case, seems like fancy ones?"
Black worsted
Blacke and crimsome[24]
Blacke and purple[25]
Black and white[26]
Blacke silke
Blacke velvett
Blankett
Blewcoats
Blew callico-bagg
Blew callicoes
Blew carpett
Blew cloth
Blew coat
Blew curtaines
Blew hangings("the blew hangings")[27]
Blew jackett
Blew plush ("I give and bequeath to the said Jane Seamer my daughter all my wearing apparell both linnen and woollen and also my cabbinett my black box lined with sarsnett my Bible covered with blew plush and my sable muffle")[28]
Blew printed stuff
Blew serge
Blew silke curtain lined with bayes ("i blew silke Curtain")[29]
lined with Bayes")
Blew starch ("laden with copper wire copper plates copper kettles some blew starch. tinne and lattin and other goods, coming as the master sayd from Hamborow bound for Roane in ffrance")[30] COMMENTARY: (1) Dr Michael Pearce: "Blue starch is the blue glass powder called smalt, used as a laundry whitener" (2) Freyalyn Close-Hainsworth: "Starch for ruffs and linen was often coloured. Elizabethan ruffs were often starched yellow. We think of blueing your white laundry as a 19C thing but I believe it goes back to our period and earlier" (3) Dr Sophie Pitman: "Reference to women in London starching ruffs blue "so that their complexion shall appear the whiter" in Thomas Platter, 1599"
Blewe damaske
Blewe lynnen cloth ("there was delivered unto a packer at the sayd John Digbyes house in the presence of him this deponent one peece of broadcloth synament colour part of which broad cloth the sayd Digbye in this deponents presence sould for eleaven shillings per yard, and one gray broadcloth, two peeces of hangings which this deponent sawe measured conteyninge fiftye two yards or thereabouts, for the like of which hangings this deponent about the same tyme payd to an uphoulsterer five shillings per yard the same being three yards broad; foure peeces of coloured bayes, fower peeces of stuffe halfe silke, one peece of silke saye, seaven yards of black kersey, two peeces of blewe lynnen cloath contayninge fourtye nyne yards which he sayeth he sawe measured and was well worth 14 d per yard twentye two yards of black bayes, and soe many Cordivant dubbletts, and soe many dozen button gloves, playne gloves, leather drawers leather stockings and leather capps as are expressed in the schedule arlate"[31]
Longe Bocking bayes ("twenty peeces of longe Bocking bayes")[32]
Blue coloured cloth gownes
Bollagna silke ("Item 3 baggs of Bollangna silke 119 li neat at 24s per lb")[33]
Bollangna silke ("At Mr Paul Docminiques house in Colman streete London, son of the said deceased were the severall goods following which were received from the deceaseds house at Tottenham heigh Crosse thither...item 3 baggs of Bollangna silke 119 lb neat at 24 s per lb)[34]
Bologna black sarsenets
Bombazin (alt. bombasy; sey bombasy; dutch bombazijn; swedish bombasäng) ("an hundred sixtie foure peaces of bombazin of Hamborough"[35]; "ffrancis fforno alias van Obstal and Lewes Reynault (alias Rutharson) had at Cadiz laden for account and adventure of there the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier and John Reynault, on board a shipp called the ffortune (ffernando Gerardo Loro a spaniard commander) of the burthen of a hundred and tenn tonnes (or there abouts) with three peeces of ordnance and eighteene men, severall bales of Roane linnens, thredd and silk laces of Paris, bombazin, taffata's of Grenada, box combes and diverse other merchandizes, amounting all together with the charges of the said shipp (which belongs to the said John James fforno) to the summe of fowrscore thousand livers Tournois, to be carried and transported in the said shipp to Cartagena in the King of Spaines dominion in the West Indies. there to be vended and invested in silver and other Indian commodities for the same account and adventure of the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier, and John Reynault")[36]; COMMENTARY: Dr Michael Pearce provides an alternative spelling of "bombasy" and "sey bombasy", and speculates that it may have been a ribbed silk variety. He gives several examples from the late C16th. The first mention of "bombasy" is in a draper's bill (Clothing, 1589 Edinburgh University, Laing ms II. 2.9: drapers bill to Margaret Livingston, "Item to be a doublet to the said Mr Thomas thre els & half tw eld bombasy at xxxs the el"). The second is mention of "bombasy" in a merchant's inventory (Merchant: Alexander Park d,1570, NRS ECC8/8/2, p.102, Edinburgh Merchant, Flemish goods and price, "Item ane steik of bombasy price therof xlj s."); Viveka Hansen informs us that "According to ‘Svenska Akademiens Ordbok’ the word ‘bombasin’ or ‘bombasäng’ in Swedish had different meanings at different times: like silk/wool, woollen fabric, cotton qualities, cotton/wool etc. 3 references to the C17th in this Swedish source, including "Engelst bommersin", "Skåtz bommerssin", "Hollensk bomersin .. Hamburger bomersin".[37]; Dr Stephen Snelders notes that "in Dutch bombazijn was originally silk, but later cotton used especially for lining and workman’s clothing. Related to moleskin."[38]; Cynthia Chin comments that "even in popular 20thc. fiction, Margaret Mitchell used a black “bombazine” to style Scarlett O’Hara’s mid-C19th black mourning dress that made her look “a trifle elderly” in the 1936 “Gone with the Wind”; Dr Kimberly Alexander adds that "bombazin has yet additional meaning/composition in the first half of the C19th, much like camblet".
Bone lace (alt. bon lace)
Bootehose topps of sarge ("18. douzen of stockins and bootehose toppes of sarge")[39]
Bootes ("such goods as the sayd Moulson had on board for his owne accompt as hatts shooes bootes sayes, broadcloath, stuffes, diaper linnen and the like")[40]
Box combs (alt. box combes) ("One chest of this eighth marke containeing two hundredd dozen of box combes"[41]
Box-wood (alt. box wood) ("201 hogsheads of traine oile, 96 packs of whalebone, 1185 peeces of box-wood, sixtie seaven or sixtie eight baggs of wooll, and foure rolls of slight striped stuffe, all which were laden at Bayon in ffrance")[42]
Braide
Brazil wood ("200 quintalls of Brazil wood")[43]
Brazil woode
Brazeelewood (alt. Brazeelwood) ("an allegation given on the behalfe of John Charker concerning the possession of 200 quintalls of Brazeelewood brought to this port of London in the shippe the Jon and Abigall of which Thornas Morley captaine"[44]
Breeches ("the Captaine of the sayd Golden Starr in stead of showing submission to the authority of this Commonwealth being upon the coasts of Englands as was demanded of him and is usuall did in a contemptuous manner returne skurrilous and base language and in an unbecoming and skornefull and reproach full way turned downe his breeches, and held upp his bare bumme or breech to the sayd Captaine Mill and company, and waved his cuttle axe bidding the sayd Captaine Mill come to leeward")[45]
Britches
Broad callicoe
Broad cheynies ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[46]
Broadcloth ("trusses of broadcloth")[47]
Broad cloth
Broadcloth synament colour("one peece of broadcloth synament colour")[48]
Broad cloath (alt. broadcloth) ("one broade cloath of a sinament colour contayning thirtye yards worth in his this deponents iudgement eleaven shillings per yard, one gray broad cloath contayninge twentye eighte yards worth in his iudgement ten shillings per yard")[49]
Broad lockerams ("besides the sayd tenn bales, fower nests of truncks, fower full conteyning flaxe and twenty peeces of narrow lockerams and halfe a peece of Tregar or course cloath, and sixe peeces of broad lockerams"[50]
Broad perpetuanes (alt. broad perpetuanas) ("foure bayles of broad perpetuanes")[51]; "in or about the beginning of the moneth of March 1652 English style this deponent by the order and for the proper accompt of the said Luke Lucy his master payd the Customes due for the said goods in this port of London, the said perpetuanas containing threescore and one peeces all of broad perpetuanas, and the said two bailes of minnekin bayes containing foure peeces of black minnekin baies"[52]
Broad tapsells ("three bales of broad tapsells")[53]
Broadecloath
Broade cloath of a sinament colour ("one broade cloath of a sinament colour contayning thirtye yards worth in his this deponents iudgement eleaven shillings per yard, one gray broad cloath contayninge twentye eighte yards worth in his iudgement ten shillings per yard")[54]
Broader ribbon
Broderer ("Roger Lambert citizen and broderer of London")[55]
Boulster
Bowlas cloth ("three ells of bowlas cloth for shirt or shirts")[56]
Buchrams
Buckram testor
Buckrams
Buckskins
Buffalo hides[57]
Buffalo hydes
Bull hides ("hee is not certaine but there may be more bull hides and fewer cowhides, or more cow hides and fewer bull hides, but for the number of hides bull and cow hides together hee beleeveth them to be as followeth within tenn or twelve hides more or lesse in the whole)")[58]
Burma legee
Button gloves
Buttons


C


Cabinetts ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[59]
Cable
Calico
Calico hangings
Callico lawnes or shashes
Callico tableclothes
Callico window curtains
Callicoe quilts
Callicoe sheets ("a green carpett with ffringe and in my ould trunck a Holland sheete with three breadths a paire of Holland pillowbears a damask table cloth and twelve napkins a pair of fine callicoe sheetes with three breadths and a pair of pillowbears a pair of fine hempe sheets ")[60]
Callicoe tableclothes
Callicos (alt. callicoes) ("having aboard her a quantitie of marchandizes consisting in XX cottons and callicos XX XXX XXX factor XXX account taken aboard her on the coast of Cormandel was carrying XX XXX for Bantam for which place the said goods were XXXX and were provided XXXXX to be ther XXXXXX")[61]
Calve skins (alt. calveskins) ("the said Whitwood did provide a considerable quantity of calves skinnes for part of the said ships lading")[62]
Calma silke ("one bale of white Calama silke")[63]
Cambricke (alt. cambrick) ("one smale box of cambricke and lawnes"[64]; "the said producent within the space of a yeare before October last shipped and sent severall goods (as linnen cloth, laces, and cambrick and other goods at severall times and in severall shipps from Ostend"[65]
Camlet coate with silke buttons
Camlett
Camlett bed'
Camels haire ("soone after the said ship had receaved in her said lading at Scanderoone which consisted in galls camels haire cordivants skinns and other goods shee departed and sett saile from thence to come for England")[66]
Cammells haire ("upon the Tuesday about noone hee sawe her arrive and come to Galley Key with about only fifty baggs of cotton wooll and camells or goates heire")[67]
Campachina (alt. campecha) [wood][68]
Campecha wood ("the second bill of lading annexed wherein are mentioned nynety and fower pipes of Canary wyne, and one hundred and sixty peeces of campecha wood, and thirty bundles of salsaperilla, and two baggs of cacao")[69]
Canopie
Canopie bedstedd [IN THE NURSERY] "ITEM: a canopie bedstedd with a canopy and 4 curtens of yellow perpetuana 1 fetherbed and boulster 1 pillow and 1 yellow rug"[70]
Canopy bedsted
Cannopyes
Canvas ("j pack quarter xx webbs of canvas")[71]
Canvisse matrisse
Caps
Capps
Caracca hydes ("the said 54 Caracca hydes and the said chest of tortoise shells")[72]
Carackas hides ("his factor loaded aboard the said shipp the Morning Starr then lying at Santa Cruse in Teneriff an hundred large or Carackas hides (marked as in the margent), to be transported in the said shipp to Amsterdam")[73]
Carpet of greene cloth for a long table
Carpetts
Carpetts embroidered on cloath
Carpetts of Turkyke worke
Cassock with silver buttons
Caster hatts SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[74]
Castila wools ("Segovia woolls and Castila woolls are commonly used and imployed in this Commonwealth aswell for making of felts and hatts as for cloths, and a very great quantitie of each of the said sorts of wooll, namely aswell of Castila as of Segovia is vended and wrought some into cloth and some into hatts every yeare in England and this hee saith was and is said and notorious, which hee knoweth having for theise sixteene yeares bin acquainted with the said commodities and having for theise nine yeares last or thereabouts dealt therein for himselfe as a wooll-seller and a haberdasher of hatts...hee beleeveth that there are yearely one yeare with another the number of foure thousand baggs of wooll and upwards of the said sorts spent and imployed in the making of felts and cloth in this Commonwealth and sold and there is a lesse quantitie spent one yeare with another in the said manufactures, but rather more, for some yeares there is asmuch or about asmuch spent in this citie along besides what is vended and imployed in other parts and places of the nation, which hee knoweth having had dealing in the said commodities for greate quantities for the said nine yeares last...hee hath heard from experienced merchants and as hee beleeveth from very good ground there are yearly more of the said sorts of woolls by two or three thousand baggs spend and imployed in this Commonwealth than in all fflannders....Amsterdam and other parts in Holland are places where woolls of the sorts aforesaid are usually stored and laid up, and it is usuall to have woolls of the sorts aforesaid sent from those places into England to be here sold, because here they doe yeald a greater price and valew, which hee knoweth by meanes of his said dealing, and having bin partner with Mr Scot a haberdasher a greate dealer on those woolls, to whom there have bin woolls consigned from Holland of this deponents knowledge... the later part of the yeare namely about September and October is the time for the importation of the greatest quantityes of the said Segovia and Castila woolls from Spaine into this Commonwealth and that in the Springe or former part of the yeare a much lesse quantitie is usually imported than in or about the monethes aforesaid which hee knoweth for the reasons aforesaid, And saith that this present yeare there hath not bin any considerable quantitie of the said sorts of wools imported into England (saving those in question) by reason of the differences betweene England and the dutch, for that of his knowledge the said sorts of wools produce here a better price by fifteene or twenty in the hundred since midsommer last than they did the last yeare,"[75]; SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[76]
Castor hatts ("the said Burges did lade and put on board the said ship eight castor hatts which this deponent sawe on board the said ship at Fallmouth"[77]; "fowerteene castor hatts, 12 whereof were in a chest, and two in a hat case")[78]; COMMENTARY: xxx; SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[79]
Cazarra hydes ("the foresaid ffour and ffifty Cazarra hydes")[80]
Chamblet (alt. chamblett, chambletts)
Chamlet
Chamlet say
Chamett coate
Chests of hatts ("the sayd two chests of hatts as by the invoice of them delivered unto him appeareth were worth one hundred and two pounds tenn shillings sterling or thereabouts in England but what profitt they would have yeilded at Bantam or else where in the East Indies in bartering or selling hee knoweth not"[81]
Cheynies (alt. cheynes) ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[82]
Cheyney
Childbed linnen
Childrens woosted stockings ("a small box, both containeing forty two dozen of mens; and twenty nine dozen of womens, and childrens woosted stockings")[83]
Chimney cloth
China silk
Church stuffe
Claspes at his breeches
Cloake ("there was laden and put on board the said ship in the River of Thames a cargoe of goods consisting in linnen and woollen cloath, East India stuff, searges, beads, glasses, muskets, pistolls, strongwaters, brandewines, white wine and clarret, silke stockings, suits and cloakes shoes, knives, sizers combs pins, needles, thimbles, thred ffish hooks, bells, locks, lead and severall other comodityes.")[84]
Cloake lyned with velvet
Cloake lynned with squirrell
Cloake of Spanish cloath
Cloath-worker ("John Warner of Saint Olaves Hartstreet in London cloath-worker aged 45. yeares" [85]
Cloathe bed ("darke coloured cloathe bed lyned with watered tabby with curtaynes vallens comter=poynt")[86]
Cloathe gowne of a violet color ("I give to two honest poore men of Stowmarket aforesaid and to one of Stow Upland videlicet To every of them a cloath gowne of a violet color at such times and in such manner as is hereafter nominated and appointed by this my will successively the same to bee faced with yellow bayes or serge and the letters T.B. to bee set in the sleeves or breast of every gowne and those that weare the same gownes shall from time to time bee appointed by the minister church wardens and overseers of the poore of Stowmarket and Stowupland"[87]
Cloth ("one peece of fine cloth conteyning thirtie and one yards")[88]
Cloth-merchant
Cloth bed
Cloth carpetts
Cloth chaires("seaven cloth chaires")[89]
Cloth cloakes
Cloth coate
Cloth curtins
Cloth funiture
Cloth gowne
Cloth of dammaske with the Queene of Bohemias marke on it[90]
Cloth worker
Clothworker
Coate
Cobbwebb lawnes ("a parcell of cobbwebb lawnes lately seized in the said shippe the Young Tobias"[91]; "about fifty foure pieces of cobbwebb lawnes taken out of the said shipp")[92]
Colchester bayes ("the said Robert Bretton of this deponents sight and knowledge bought in this citie of fiftie peaces of Colchester bayes and then going into the countrey hee the said producent ordered this deponent on his behalfe after they were died into black and colours to lade them for the Canaries")[93]
Colchester white bayes ("thirtie peeces of Colchester white bayes")[94]
Colours The following colours are listed in a 1640 or 1641 invoice of goods belonging to London merchants, apparently acquired in Italy, and transported in the Goulden ffleece of London. The colours are used in descriptions of two cases of textiles, one a case containing twenty peieces of taffeta, and the other a case containing ten pieces of coloured satin ("sattine"): azur, blacke and crimsome, black and purple, black and white, cromsoine, crimsome, greene, incarnation, incarnation and crimsome, incarnation and white, lead coller, lead coller and tawney, moskcoller, orangecoller, purple, seagreene, skey coller, skeycoller, tawney, watershell.[95]
Coloured bindeing
Coloured cottons
Coloured hatts ("two packs, No 6. and 8: with coloured hatts")[96]
Coloured taffetes ("one great chest No C with sixteene pieces of coloured taffetes")[97]
Coloured satins
Coloured serges ("ffoure bales of coloured serges")[98]
Combs ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other Comodityes")[99]
Combed English wooll ("certaine baggs floating upon the sea, which they with their boate saved out of the sea, and found them filled with combed English wooll prepared for the making of stockings, to the number of seaventeene packs or baggs, all which were waterborne, and derelict")[100]
Conie skinns (alt. cony skins) ("one butt of conie skinns")[101]
Copper buttons
Copper ribbon
Copperas
Cordivant
Cordivant dubbletts
Corrall beads ("this deponent tooke aboard at Newfoundland by the order of the said James Napper (which hee verily beleeveth was for the said Nappars sole accompt about eleven kintalls, and a halfe of drye ffish, as a private adventure which this deponent sold at Genoa, and invested the said money in corrall beads by his order, to the about the vallue of thirty two peeces of eight")[102]
Corse stockens
Cotton cases
Cotton woolls ("Ciprus cotton woolls are usually and ordinarily putt in very great baggs, which cannot be stowed without very great paines and difficulty, more especially when a shipp draweth nere to her full lading, having already receaved the most considerable quantity of her cargo")[103]
Cotton yarn (alt. cotton yarnes) ("at Scanderoone there were there laden aboard her [the Anne] about one hundred baggs of galls, about one hundred bales of cotton yarne, and other goods")[104]
Cotton wool (alt. cotton wooll) ("72 baggs of cotton wool")[105]
Cottons ("having aboard her a quantitie of marchandizes consisting in XX cottons and callicos XX XXX XXX factor XXX account taken aboard her on the coast of Cormandel was carrying XX XXX for Bantam for which place the said goods were XXXX and were provided XXXXX to be ther XXXXXX")[106]
Counterpaine
Counterpane of dimitee ("a counterpane of dimitee for a bed wrought with blacke silke")[107]
Counterpointe
Counterpoint of purple serge
Counterpoint of tapestry
Counterpoynt ("black cloth bed counterpoynt")[108]
Course cloath ("besides the sayd tenn bales, fower nests of truncks, fower full conteyning flaxe and twenty peeces of narrow lockerams and halfe a peece of Tregar or course cloath, and sixe peeces of broad lockerams"[109]
Course hatts
Course sheets ("two paire of new course sheets for servants")[110]
Courser sorte of dyaper ("two paire of very fyne Holland sheets two paire of courser sort")[111]
Coverlet (alt. coverletts)
Course canvas
Courser sorte of dyaper of ?dieworke
Covering of tapestry
Coverlet of white and black
Coverletts
Coverlidd
Coverlies ("In the lower garretts...foure coverlies")[112]
Cow hides ("hee is not certaine but there may be more bull hides and fewer cowhides, or more cow hides and fewer bull hides, but for the number of hides bull and cow hides together hee beleeveth them to be as followeth within tenn or twelve hides more or lesse in the whole)")[113]
Cow hornes
Cow hydes
Cowlett
Cowyres (alt. cowries)[114]
Crimsoine
Crimson bed
Crimson damaske
Crimson taffety quilt
Crimson velvet
Cross stitch
Cross stich needle work carpet
Cunny skinns ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...252 loose cunny skinns")[115]
Cupboord cloth
Cupbord clothes of needleworke
Curtaines of moehaire ("my curtaines of moehaire and their valence")
Curetens
Curtens of read and greene sarcenett
Curtens of sarcenet
Cushion-cases of tapestry
Cushion cloth ("my best laced cushion cloth")[116]
Cutcheneale (= cotcheneale) ("The clayme of Christopher Boone of London merchant for severall parcells of silver and ?cutcheneale heretofore specially claymed by Adrian Goldsmith of Antwerpe having bin seized in the shipps the Sampson Salvador Saint George and Morning Star and since legally transferred to him the sayd Christopher Boone")[117]
Cutting house
Cutting roome


D


Damaske (alt. damask)
Damask curtines
Damaske cupbordcloth
Damaske napkins
Damaske tableclothes
Damaske towells

Damaskillias ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[118]; COMMENTARY: Dr Marcin Krygier suggests that the term "damaskillias" is derived from the Spanish "damasquillo". Edward A. Roberts (2014) identifies the term damasina as equivalent to damasquillo, and defines their meaning as "a light cloth resembling damask".[119]
Dammaske dyaper ("one long towell of fyne dyaper called dammaske dyaper")[120]
Dantzike cloth ("another merchant of Munniken Dam named Cornelius Zacharius laded a pack of Dantzike cloth...and that Hance Jarianson (or having some such name) a Dantziker laded 150 rolls of course linnen or stocking, and saith that all the said lading was to be dischardged at Amsterdam")[121]
Darke coloured cloathe bed ("darke coloured cloathe bed lyned with watered tabby with curtaynes vallens comter=poynt")[122]
Diaper ("such goods as the sayd Moulson had on board for his owne accompt as hatts shooes bootes sayes, broadcloath, stuffes, diaper linnen and the like")[123]
Diaper napkins
Diaper tableclothes
Diaper table cloths
Diaper towells
Dieworke
Dimitee ("10 yards of dimitee at x:d")[124]
Dimity window curtains
Dimmitees (alt. dymithy; dimity) ("Thomas ?Constable gunner of the sayd shipp and slayne att the tyme of surprizall in Trapany had aboard her att the tyme of the sayd seizure for his own accompt several peices of moka?rres, dimmitees, silke stockings clothes and other things which were as this deponent beleiveth of the cleare value of forty pounds sterling")[125]
Dornix
Doublet of ffrench chamblet
Doubletts
Downbedd
Draper
Dresser cloathes
Dressing boxes (alt.. dressing box) ("druggs, wine dressing boxes, shooes and such like merchandizes")[126]
Druggs (= drugs) ("hee hath ?two of his owne shipp chests which are full of druggs for his owne account"[127]; "two small skinns of druggs, two small barrells of druggs")[128]
Dry horse hydes ("[ARRIVING FROM BERWICK UPON TWEED AT LONDON BY SHIP] Robert and Benjamin of Newcastle Michill Mordy master...4 dry horse skins")[129]
Dry hydes
Dubbletts
Dyaper (" the finest sorte of dyaper of dyed worke")[130]

Dyde linen
Dyde sleezes
Dye house
Dyed ffustians
Dyed silke
Dyed worke
Dyeing stuffe ("some fatts and baggs of dyeinge stuffe")[131]
Dyer
Dying stuff ("480 bundles of dying stuff")[132]


E


East Countrye buckrams ("about twelve day last past this deponent at the request of the arlate Symon Smyth came to the sayd Smyths house in Seethinge Lane to viewe certayne East Country buckrams which had then bene lately suncke (as the sayd Smyth tould him) in the river of Thames in a shipp which came from the East Countrey, which buckrams this deponent viewed and is well acquainted with the condition of them (beinge a uphoulster by trade, and dealinge much in those commodityes) and sayeth that if the sayd buckrams had bene drye and well conditioned they would have yeilded and bene worth six shillings six pence per peece but they were and are dampnifyed and lesse worth to be sould by reason of the sayd wett two shillings and six pence in every peece and are not worth to be sould above fower shillings per peece")[133]
East India quilt
East India stuffe (alt. East India stuffes) ("the time arlate this rendent was sent by the said Edmund Cowse to Virginia with a quantity of goods videlicet 7?1 pipes of wine and no more as he beleeveth 2: chests of white earthen ware one bale of paper and noe more 20 peeces of East India stuffe called pantadoes, and a parcell of red earthen wares worth nothing at all as he beleevth, and a small quantity of salt, and no other goods as hee beleeveth")[134]
East India stuffe lyned with callicoe
Elephants teeth (alt. eliphants teeth)
Embroiderer
Embroidery
English puldanis[135]
English woad [SEE ALSO "WOAD"] ([ARRIVING FROM BORRESON, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] ffortune of Kircawdy Mathew Anderson master...1 barrel of English woad")[136]
English wooll ("combed wooll, being English wooll prepared for the making of stocking")[137]; [138]
English yarne ("Providence of Boston William Younges master...16 winches of English yarne"[139]


F


Fading colour satin
Feathermaker
Feathers ("thirtie baggs of feathers which were bought and laden by him this deponent at Bayon"[140]; "feathers cost 6 stivers and a halfe per pound and soe they were bought")[141]
Feathers for hatts
Felt hatts SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[142]
Felt woolls ("Castilla wools are of two sorts namely felt woolls and cloth woolls, and accordingly they are used")[143]
Felts ("Hugh fforth did in the moneth of ffebruary 1656 cause to be laden and put on board the interrogate shipp the ffrancis and John whereof the interrogate Lawrence Browneing was master, then lyeing in the River of Thames and bound for Bantam interrogate two chests conteyning sixe and twenty beavers and thirteene felts marked and numbered as in the margent...to be transported in her for Bantam")[144]; "Segovia woolls and Castila woolls are commonly used and imployed in this Commonwealth aswell for making of felts and hatts as for cloth"[145]
Fether boulster
ffell wooll (two baggs of ffell wooll)[146]
ffells
ffellwooll
fflaxe (alt. flax; flaxe) ("the arlate shipps were laden with wheate fflaxe and Iron")[147]
fflaxen sheets
fflemmish lace ("being at Cadiz in the yeare 1652: in the moneth of October of the same yeare did see certaine fflemmish lace and linen cloath in the hands of Peter Jansen de Yonge, which hee told this deponent did belong unto the said James Pincquet")[148]
fflemmish stuffes ("all the said goods being fflemmish stuffes linnen and lace")[149]
fflemish yarne ("the interrate James Pinquett did in the moneth of November of and in the said yeare send one tunne of fflemish yarne marjed No.I.P.3. by one Peter de Keyser master of, and aboard the shipp the Keyser of Ostend to David Clinquert aforesaid then being at Sevill in Spaine, and saith the two baggs of ryalls of eight now Ccaymed were and are the proceed of the said tunne of
yarne")[150]
fflock
fflower worke ("I intreate you to imploy said monyes soo many pieces of callicoes as they shall reach unto; to bee exactly according to the patterns I heere inclosed send you both for colour and fflower worke, being for my owne private use and ffreinds")[151]
ffranjinsense ("two chests of ffranjinsense")[152]
ffreizes ("nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes")[153]
ffrench serges[154]
Fine diaper napkins
Fine dutch matting
Fyne dyaper called dammaske dyaper
Fine goods
Fine slotias
Finest sorte of dyaper of dyed worke
Flanders lace (alt. fflander lace)
Flatt boulster[155]
Flax (alt. flaxe) (("a parcell of flax to be brought unto Roscoe")[156]
Flaxen cloth
Flaxen napkins
Flaxen sheets
Flaxen table clothes
Flaxen towells
Flocke boulster (alt. fflock boulster)
ffloramides ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, Twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke Adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[157]
Flowrd sattin mantle
Freizes (alt. frizes) ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[158]
French hatts
French linnens ("by the foresayd letters of advise sent to him from James Pinequet and sayd Juan Henricques de Messa he is given to understand that the foresayd linnens are french linnens videlicet made in ffrance and that they were laden att Rohan by Jaques ffemanel aforesayd (who is a frenchman and a subiect of the King of ffrance) but for the accompt of the sayd James Pinquet who was and is a fflandrian borne and inhabitant of Antwerpe")[159]; "lockerams and any other french linnens are at that island and other the Canarie Islands prohibited commodities and therefore yet with all well knoweth that lockerams and all other ffrench linnens notwithstanding sayd prohibition are usually and frequently landed and sold by merchants whoe trade thither and knoweth that such merchants who have such commodities to sell there doe frequently by giveing some gratuities to the officers of the King of Spaine procure a connivance of the sayd officers for the landing and sale of such goods there, And this hee knoweth to be frequent amongst merchants and factors there resident to procure such connivances for gratuities and this deponent hath [?XXX] for a gratuitie procured connivance of the sayd officers for the landeing and sale of the like prohibited commodities videlicet of lockerams and all other ffrench linnens"[160]
Frenge of damaske and murrey velvett
Frendge of redd silke and silver
Fringe (alt. curtaine fringe)[161]
Fringed cloth bordered with needleworke
Frizes (alt. freizes) ("ten bales of white serges conteyning one hundred peices of serge and sewall sorts of bayes and frizes then remaining in a warehouse belonging to the said William Pym at Saint Malo aforesaid"[162]
Fugard sattin cushions
Furrs SECONDARY SOURCES: Viveka Hansen, 'The fur trade in the North American colonies - Observations of a mid-18th century traveller', in 'Textilis', no. XXXVII, online resource[163]
Fustian blanckets
Fustians
Fustick ("a parcell of sassaperilla and other druggs, and some Brazill wood and fustick")[164]
Fyne dyaper ("one long towell of fyne dyaper called dammaske dyaper")[165]
Fyne table cloth


G


Galls (alt. gaulls) ("the sayd two chests of galls as by the invoice of them delivered unto him appeareth were worth one hundred and two pounds tenn shillings sterling or thereabouts in England but what profitt they would have yeilded at Bantam or else where in the East Indies in bartering or selling hee knoweth not"[166]; "soe soone as the said ship [the Anne] delivered her said salt at Scanderrone, the said William Malym the master and company of the said ship. did take aboard her, a lading of cottons, galls and other peeces to be transported in her to this port of London")[167]; COMMENTARY: Tracey E. Griffiths notes "Oak galls & valonia, the acorn cups of a species of oak, both high in tannins, were used to dye black in 15-16C Venice. here is no mention of oak bark though in either of the 2 extant Venetian dyeing manuals. Members of the Royal Society planned an English translation of one of these, the Plictho of Gioanventura Rosetti, in 1662, but there is no sign it was ever completed." PRIMARY SOURCES: Gioanventura Rosetti, Plictho of Gioanventura Rosetti: Instructions in the Art of the Dyers Which Teaches the Dyeing of Woolen Cloths, Linens, Cottons, and Silk by the Great Art as Well as by the Common, trans. Edelstein and Borghetty (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1969)
Galloone
Gaulls (alt. galls) ("having already received and laden aboard her one hundred baggs of wool and 400 baggs and upwards of gaulls")[168]
Gilt lather
Ginghams
Gloves
Goat skins
Goats wooll ("he this rendent did see the said goats wooll weighed presently after the landing therof at the Custome house, and he saith that none of the said woolls were diminished between their landing and weighing and that he knoweth not whither they were diminished after"[169]; "every pound of the said goats wooll is worth 1 s 4 d here in London")[170]
Goates heire ("upon the Tuesday about noone hee sawe her arrive and come to Galley Key with about only fifty baggs of cotton wooll and camells or goates heire")[171]
Gold and silver braide
Gold and silver mohaire ("this deponent was to receive there were seaven small bales or packs marked and numbred as in the margent, which according to the invoice of the lading thereof, contained twenty six peeces of gold and silver mohaire, otherwise, ffrench watered tabbies of gold and silver, but saith that this deponent comming ther to receive them, there was one of the said packs or small bales wanting and quite gone, and the other six (as appeared to this deponent) had bin opened, and saith that by the said bale that was wanting and by what was imbeazald out of the six other packs, there were twelve peeces of the said goods quite gonne and lost")[172]
Gold hat band
Gold stuff
Gold wast buttons
Gorgett
Gotes skins
Gowne faced with sattin
Gowne of blew cloth ("to each man and woman a gowne of blew cloth a pare of shoes a paire of stockings and three ells of bowlas cloth for shirt or shirts")[173]
Gownes ("I give and appoint the summe of one hundred pounds to be disposed and given by my executors to sixty poore ould men and forty poore old women for poor gownes (that is to say) to every of the same poore men and women twenty shillings a peece to buy every of them a gowne in which I will that they attend as poore mourners att my funerall if I die in England")[174]; "I give to two honest poore men of Stowmarket aforesaid and to one of Stow Upland videlicet To every of them a cloath gowne of a violet color at such times and in such manner as is hereafter nominated and appointed by this my will successively the same to bee faced with yellow bayes or serge and the letters T.B. to bee set in the sleeves or breast of every gowne and those that weare the same gownes shall from time to time bee appointed by the minister church wardens and overseers of the poore of Stowmarket and Stowupland"[175]
Grasse greene taffety
Gray painted parragon
Gray camlett coats lined with serge
Gray carpett
Gray rugg
Great baggs of wooll
Green bayes hangings
Green cloath couch ("one green cloath couch")[176]
Green parrogan counterpoynt
Greene bayes (alt. green bayes) ([INVENTORY: Right honourable Sir John Kelying late Lord Cheife Justice of his Majestties Court of Kings Bench] "In the closett in the parlor...the roome hung with greene bayess")[177]
Greene carpett with ffringe ("a green carpett with ffringe and in my ould trunck a Holland sheete with three breadths a paire of Holland pillowbears a damask table cloth and twelve napkins a pair of fine callicoe sheetes with three breadths and a pair of pillowbears a pair of fine hempe sheets ")[178]
Greene curtaines("old greene curtaines")[179]
Greene hangings("old greene hangings")[180]
Greene silke quilt
Greene taffety
Grey bayes ([INVENTORY: Right honourable Sir John Kelying late Lord Cheife Justice of his Majestties Court of Kings Bench] "In the back garrett...one old skreene with grey bayes")[181]
Grey broad cloath ("one gray broad cloath contayninge twentye eighte yards worth in his iudgement ten shillings per yard")[182]
Grey serge
Grogeram yarne (alt. grogaran; grogoran) ("wax, grogeram yarne silke, cotton yarne and allum to be carried to ligorne"[183]; "the Grogoran yarne schedulated of Begbazar in the Turks dominions")[184]
Guilt leather chaires
Guilt leather hangings[185]


H


Haberdasher ("Richard Ayling of the parish of Saint Nicholas Acons London haberdasher, aged 32 yeares or thereabouts...having for theise nine yeares last or thereabouts dealt therein for himselfe as a wooll-seller and a haberdasher of hatts"[186]; "Mr Jeremie Sambrooke of London haberdasher nowe generall accomptant to the East India company"[187]; "William Pembridge of the parish of Saint Magnus London haberdasher, aged 42 yeares or thereabouts...hee is a haberdasher by trade, and useth to waite aboard shipps for the prize office")[188]; "John Holme of the parish of Saint Magdalens Milkestreet London haberdasher, aged 30 yeares or thereabouts...hee this deponent being a warehouse-keeper under the Commissioners for prize goods, hath had the custodie of many parcells of sweete oiles, brought in as prize, and hath delivered out many parcells that have bin sold by them")[189]; COMMENTARY: Viveka Hansen notes that haberdashers in the C18th "were frequently mixed with all sorts of textile trades & some sold coffee, chocolate, snuffs, swords & cutlery etc."; SECONDARY SOURCES: Hansen, Viveka, ‘Haberdashers – 18th & 19th Century Trade Cards’, TEXTILIS, (November 18, 2015)[190]
Haberdasherie ("two packs of haberdasherie"[191]; "a hamper of haberdasherie, containing tweesars")[192]
Haberdasherie wares ("the goods or the most part of them which were taken and seized in the said shipp were and are as hee beleeveth linnens or haberdasherie wares, not knowing certainly the species or qualities of them, they being in packs and caskes, and hee alsoe beleeveth that they are of the growth or manufacture of ffrance, and saith they were laden by ffrench merchants"[193]; "three fatts of haberdasherie wares (whereof two are very small) for this deponents owne accompt, laden by him at Haver de Grace"[194]
Haberdashery wars ("haberdashery wars, as hatts, tape needles pins ... and such like")[195]
Half hydes ("whole drayed hydes in hayre, and some were sydes of leather tann'd which hee reckoned and accompted as hydes severally though in truth they were but half hydes"[196]
Halfe silke
Halfe silke adorettas
Hampers of apparell
Handkerchiefs
Hangings about the roome
Hangings about the roome of paragon & gilt lather[197]
Hangings of gilt leather
Hangings of gilded lether and red cloth in panes
Hangings of image tapstry-worke (" fower peeces of hangings of image tapstry-worke")[198]
Harlem stuff ("one case of Harlem stuff")[199]
Hart hydes[200]
Hatbands ("divers goods were found about them the sayd Viber and his mate, as gloves, taffatie hoods, hatbands and other things, and some of the sayd shipps company that came back from the persuite brought alsoe some taffaty hoods and other things which they found floating on the water")[201]
Hat bands
Hat case ("fowerteene castor hatts, 12 whereof were in a chest, and two in a hat case")[202]
Hatts ("a hogshead of hatt"[203]; "which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[204]; COMMENTARY: Textile historian Viveka Hansen notes that "The Folger Shakespeare Library, Digital Image Collection has very interesting images of fur hats, feathered caps etc | Search words: “Hollar, Wenceslaus 1647”. SECONDARY SOURCES: 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog.[205]
Hayre
Headcloath
Head cloth
Headcloth
Headcloth of red serge
Hedcloth
Hemp ("68 bundles of hemp"[206]; "bundles of rough hemp")[207]
Hempe sheets ("a green carpett with ffringe and in my ould trunck a Holland sheete with three breadths a paire of Holland pillowbears a damask table cloth and twelve napkins a pair of fine callicoe sheetes with three breadths and a pair of pillowbears a pair of fine hempe sheets ")[208]
Hempen sheets
Hessens ("one hundred and forty eight pices of Hessens")[209]
Hides ("this deponent saith That coming in August 1653 last past as a passenger from Cadiz in Spaine to Saint Malloe ffrance in a certaine shipp named the Saint Vincent hee well well remembreth that some dayes before the says shipps depture from Cadiz he saw one Raphael da Luna who was the servant of the acclate Manual Lowij Carnero carry on board the sayd shipp a good parcell of Indian hides, which hee sayd were his masters, and he consigned the same to William Claviel att Saint Mallo who does busines as a factor for the sayd Carnero")[210]
Holland cupboard clothes
Holland curtains
Holland pillowbears ("a green carpett with ffringe and in my ould trunck a Holland sheete with three breadths a paire of Holland pillowbears a damask table cloth and twelve napkins a pair of fine callicoe sheetes with three breadths and a pair of pillowbears a pair of fine hempe sheets ")[211]
Holland plaine
Holland quilte
Holland sayes ("five cases of Holland sayes")[212]
Holland sheets ("one paire of new holland sheets and a paire of pillowbeeres...3. paire of large sheets...one paire of holland sheets of 2 bredths & a half...3 paire of holland sheets att xviij:s...8. paire of flaxen sheets at 13:s)[213]
Holland stitched
Holland tableclothes ("3 holland tableclothes lenth xij ells att 3:s")[214]
Holland towells ("5 holland towells lenth 9 ells ½ at 8:d")[215]
Hoods
Horse clothes
Hose
Houndscott blacke sayes (one bale contayninge fiftye peeces of Houndscott blacke sayes No. 9 whereof cleare abord the said shipp at Dunkirke two hundred and seaventeene pounds ten shillings fflemish money or thereabouts which being reduced into sterlinge money accomptinge the exchange at 33 s 4 d fflemish per pound sterling amounteth to one hundred thirtye pounds tenn shillings or thereabouts")[216]
Hundscot sayes (alt. hounscott; hunscotts) ("one fardell or pack of white hundscot sayes"[217]; "one fardell or pack of this third marke No: 5. with 25 peeces of black hunscot sayes"[218]
Hydes ("whole drayed hydes in hayre, and some were sydes of leather tann'd which hee reckoned and accompted as hydes severally though in truth they were but half hydes"[219]


I


Imbroiderer ("Richard Atkinson of the parish of Saint Michael Crooked Lane London citizen and imbroiderer of London aged 30 yeares...hee [Richard Atkinson] is and then was a tobacconist namely a dealer and worker in making up and cuttng tobaccoes, and hath used that imployment for theise fifteene yeares last or thereabouts, and by that meanes hee hath had occasion for goeing to sea and take notice of Virginia tobaccoe hogsheads")[220]
Imbroydery's (alt. imbroydres) ("you will have received Mr Metholds, and my order for the dispose of the imbroydres, for the best price that can be obtained for them...tis well the imbroydery's have sustained no detierment by them sending to Agra, so great a distance from that place where Mr Pearce left them, and saith he gave no order for their sending to Agra, if it had been my single consernes I would rather had them back for England than so to much undervalued them")[221]
Imbroydres
Incarnation[222]
Incarnation and white[223]
Indian carpett
Indian hides ("this deponent saith That coming in August 1653 last past as a passenger from Cadiz in Spaine to Saint Malloe ffrance in a certaine shipp named the Saint Vincent hee well well remembreth that some dayes before the says shipps depture from Cadiz he saw one Raphael da Luna who was the servant of the acclate Manual Lowij Carnero carry on board the sayd shipp a good parcell of Indian hides, which hee sayd were his masters, and he consigned the same to William Claviel att Saint Mallo who does busines as a factor for the sayd Carnero")[224]
India hydes
India satten quilt
Indian quilt
Indico (alt. indigo) ("a little before the arrivall of the said ship Peace at Nevis, the tobacco plants indico and sugar canes were there at at the other Leeward islands, spoyled and rooted upp by reason of hurricanoes")[225]; "they had allsoe receaved seaverall other letters from theire agents and correspondents there wherein the manner of the said takeing away of the said tenne barrells of indico belonging to the said producent was menconned and expressed")[226]
Indicoes ("hurricanoes and stormes had spoyled most of the sugar canes, tobaccoe, and indicoes in those places, and had rooted many of them up")[227]
Inward curtains
Irish sticht carpetts
Irish stitch cushions
Italian silks


J


Jacket
Jems
Jerkin
Jersey stockings
Jewells



K


Kersey
Kersyes (alt. kersies) ("the said goods amounted to a great vallue they being bayes, [?WX?sh] plaine cottons [?XXXX] million ffustians, Norwich goods, stockings, and kersyes, and such like comodityes"[228]; "lynnens, mercerie wares, silke stuffs, kersies and other commodities to the valew of about tenn thousand pounds fflemish, and after laded the same at Amsterdam")[229]
Kid skins
Kilmornock stockins


L


Lace ("two small packs with white lace"[230]; "two small bundles of the eighth marke, one with white laces and the other with silver and gold lace counterfeit No 19.")[231]
Lagee silke (alt. legee silke) ("Item 22 lb of fine Lagee silke at 18: s per lb")[232]
Lambe skinns with the wooll ([ARRIVING FROM LEITH, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...3 fardles of lambe skins with the wooll")[233]
Large sheets
Lawnes ("one smale box of cambricke and lawnes")[234]
Lead coller and tawney[235]
Leather ("some were sydes of leather tanned which hee reckoned and accompted as hydes severally though in truth they were but half hydes")[236]
Leather capps
Leather carpett
Leather chaires
Leather drawers
Leather hangings ("[IN THE DINING ROOME] ITEM one [?sqnob] with twelve chaires two stooles and two carpetts embroidered on cloath two cabinetts two pictures one large looking glasse quilt leather hangings about the roome six albaster figures two baggs window curtaines and rodds foure Spanish tables one peace of fine Dutch matting one paire of brasse andirons fire shovell, and tongs of brasse one paire of doggs with brasses a paire of bellowes a furnace a painted matt in the chimney [TOTAL =] xxxvij li x s")[237]
Leatherseller
Leather stockings
Legee silke (alt. lagee silke) ("amongest the rest one bill of lading for one baile of legee silke and one faugot of Sufa silke to be carried to Ligorne")[238]
Linen
Linen covers
Linnen breeches
Linnen cloath (alt. lynnen cloth; linnen cloth) ("these hides of this deponents knowledge who went a passenger in the Saint Vincent came safe to the sayd Claviels hands, and hee as this deponent is well assured did here sell the same and convert the proceed thereof in to Linnen Cloath for accompt of the sayd Carnero")[239]
Linnens ("saith that the said cargo of linnens were laden by Monsieur Le Mot Arman, and consigned to this port to the said Mr fford")[240]
Linsey woolsey
Livery gowne
Livery lace
Lockerams ("besides the sayd tenn bales, fower nests of truncks, fower full conteyning flaxe and twenty peeces of narrow lockerams and halfe a peece of Tregar or course cloath, and sixe peeces of broad lockerams")[241]
Logwood (alt. log wood) ("hee was in the said yard (out of which the said logwood was taken and sent on board the said ship) whilest, some of the said wood was weighing, and sawe most of it sent, and brought aboard the said ship, the said yard being neere the waterside and neere unto the place: where his ship lay")[242]; "whither hee doth not know beleeve or hath heard that the said fower tonnes and ten sticks of logwood were sold by the said Jeremiah Sweetman or some other of the said English that arrived in the said shippe unto some of the inhabitants of Barnstaple Biddeford or ?Northam before the same were arrested by authority of this Court"[243]; "1339 sticks more of Log or Brazele wood conteyning 102 quintalls")[244]
Loinings ("there being other originall papers, letters, writings which hee thought were of more concernment hee wrapt them up in a paire of loinings and a shirt, the better to keepe them dry")[245]
Long belts[246]
Long cloth
Long cushion
Longe Bocking bayes ("twenty peeces of longe Bocking bayes")[247]
Long pillows
Long table clothes of damask worke[248]
Long towells
Loome lace
Loose cunny skinns[249]
Low gray cloth chayres ([INVENTORY: Right honourable Sir John Kelying late Lord Cheife Justice of his Majestties Court of Kings Bench] "In the chamber on my Ladies chamber...5 low grey cloth chayres")[250]
Lucca taffeta
Lyned hangings of paragon
Lyned with watered tabby
Lynnen
Lynnen for a childe[251]


M


Mader (alt. mather) ("about the 20th of July last this deponent sent the said ship Cock from Rotterdam to Glascoe, with a ladlng of iron mader, starch, fruits, sugar, deales and wine for account of John Anderson the elder and Ninian Anderson"[252]; "2 bales of mather marked EB")[253]
Madder
Marchantaylor
Mather
Matt
Meduses ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[254]
Mercerie wares ("lynnens, mercerie wares, silke stuffs, kersies and other commodities to the valew of about tenn thousand pounds fflemish, and after laded the same at Amsterdam")[255]
Milliner
Minnekin bayes (alt. minnekin baies) ("the said three bales of perpetuanaes and two bales of minnekin bayes were at the time of their lading aforesaid worth the summe of two hundred twenty eight pounds twelve shilings and six pence sterling money")[256]; "two bailes of minnekin bayes containing foure peeces of black minnekin baies"[257]
Minck skins
Minke skinns ("the captaine of the said man of warr...came aboard the said ship the Pine-apple [A DUTCH SHIP] and violently tooke and carried away out of the same twenty whole beaver skinns and 4. otters skinns and foure other skinns called minke skinns and about 150. pounds of Virgina tobaccoe, the said beaver skinns being each worth 10. gilders in the whole 200. gilders and the said otter skinns and minke skinns worth fortie gilders and the said tobaccoee at 10. styvers the pound was worth in all five and seaventy gilders the whole summe amounting to three hundred and fifteen gilders or one and thirty pounds ten shillings sterling")[258]
Minx skinns ("the said barrill att the time of the said lading containeing ninety eight beaver skinns, seaven otter skinns. and fower minx skinns")[259]
Mixed kersies
Mixed searges
Mixed serges ("the usuall rate of mixed serges of twelve pounds weight per peice is about three pounds ten shillings the first penny"[260]; "by the experience he hath of Colchester serges and the usuall prices they yield in Holland where he hath often tymes sold such serges, he doth verily believe that the sayd twenty pieces of mixed serges were att the tyme of their lading with the Customes and other dutyes discharged to be sold in Holland worth eighty pounds sterling or thereabouts, and the sayd ten pieces of white serges which the Customes and other dutyes worth the sume of seventy pounds sterling or thereabouts and that the sayd twenty and ten peices would then have yeilded the sayd respective prices or neere thereabouts att Rotterdam")[261]
Mixt shiffer ("one pack No 2 with ninety peeces of mixt shiffer, silke, and wooll, of this 5th marke")[262]
Mohaire
Mohaire funiture
Morea silke ("item a bale of Morea silke wt. 160: lb neat, at 7: s the small lb")[263]
Mort kid skinns[264]
Mort lambe skinns[265]
Mourning gowne
Moyhaire yarne ("Item 33 li of moyhaire yarne")[266]
Muffle
Murrey velvett[267]
Muscovia hides
Muscovia linnen yarne ("hee saith hee at Harlem paid for part of his goods being Muscovia linnen yarne")[268]
Muscovia skinns
Muscovie hides
Muscovy leather
Myrabalins


N


Nantando curtaines

Napkin presse("a napkin presse")[269]
Napkins Damask napkins; flaxen napkins
Napkins of birdseye worke [FROM A 1666 INVENTORY OF A RICH LONDON MERCHANT] ("two dozen of napkins of birdseye worke")[270]; COMMENTARY: M.J. Logue suggests that "birdseye is a weave - a sort of diamond shaped pick", and cites an example of modern napkins made from "birdseye cotton diaper cloth"
Napkins of lavander bloome worke [FROM A 1666 INVENTORY OF A RICH LONDON MERCHANT] ("one douzen of napkins of lavander bloome worke)[271]
Napkins of rose and crame worke [FROM A 1666 INVENTORY OF A RICH LONDON MERCHANT] ("two douzen of napkins of rose and crame worke")[272]; COMMENTARY: Textile historian Viveka Hansen states that from her experience of listed linen in Swedish C17th-18th estate inventories etc, she thinks it most likely… | Damask woven linen napkins with a pattern named “rose and crame worke” (quite common that patterns are difficult to identify). Hansen adds that the "crose and crame" pattern would have been in the weave and most probably in the complicated damask technique. Colin Greenstreet had suggested that "rose and crame worke" might refer to "rose design embroidery and macramé lace or fringe of some type", citing Sylvia's Book of Macramé Lace (London & New York, 1882), which refer specifically to a "course holland towel, embroidered with coloured cotton and white thread, and finished off at each end with knotted fringe".[273] M.J. Logue is unconvinced of this explanation, arguing that macramé was only introduced to England into the court of Queen Mary in the late C17th. However, the above mentioned napkins, if with macramé fringe, could have been imported from Italy, or elsewhere. They appear to have belonged to Elizabeth Ashburnham, the third wife of wealthy London merchant Sir John Jacob, who survived Jacob's death. Logue also argues that "worke" was a common term for a weave, which is consistent with Viveka Hansen's expert opinion. Logue also notes that "'crame' apparently means bought from a pedlar, usually a Scots expression" and that "Sir John Sene (1681) says 'Ane pedder is called ane merchand or cremer, quha beirs ane pack or creame upon his back'" (De verborum significatione).
Napkin presse
Naples orgazine ("no. 3 item one other bale of Naples orgazine w:t 223 lb neat, at 21 s per lb")[274]
Naples tammins ("one bale of Naples tammins")[275]
Narrow cheynies ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[276]
Narrow lockerams ("besides the sayd tenn bales, fower Nests of truncks, fower full conteyning flaxe and twenty peeces of narrow lockerams and halfe a peece of Tregar or course cloath, and sixe peeces of broad lockerams"[277]
Narrow perpetuanes ("shipped by grace of God in good order and well conditioned by Captaine George Cock John ffenn Esquire and James Temple in and upon the good shipp called the William whereof is master under God for this present voiage Thomas Hubbard and now rideing att anchor in the River of Thames and by Gods grace bound for the Coast of Ginea to say seaventy foure chests of sheetes foure bayles of broad perpetuanes two bales ditto narrow one bayle of Hensrott sayes three bales of broad tapsells six bales of [?brawles] one chest of musketts one bale quarter twenty [?broad] tapsells and foure [?XXXX] ten bales of ruggs videlicet five broad and five narrow one bale of carpetts..."[278]
Needles
Needleworke ("cupbord clothes of needleworke")[279]
Nettworke curtaines ("In the pintadoe room...foure nettworke curtaines and vallons tester and headcloth of callicoe one nettworke couch")[280]
Night gowne
Normandy canvas[281]
Norwich goods
Norwich stufts (alt. Norwich stuffes)
Norwich-stuffs


O


Oaken bark ("Hopewell of Maidstone Morgan Hall Master...two load of oaken bark"[282]; COMMENTARY: Heather Knight notes that oak bark was use for tanning animal hides, adding that "tanners use cattle skins whereas tawers used other skins such as sheep, goat and deer". In 1575 the Recorder of London informed the Lord Treasurer of England that "the ouse of Asshen barke dronke is an extreme percagon...[but] the ouse of oken barke dronke is the extremest binder that can be found in Physicke".[283]. SECONDARY SOURCES: Michael Shaw (1996), 'The Excavation of a Late 15th- to 17th-Century Tanning Complex at The Green, Northampton' in Post-Medieval Archaeology, vol. 30, 1996, issue 1, pp.63-127 [archaeologists found that cattle, horse and sheep skins were being processed][284]; L.A. Clarkson (1974), 'The English Bark Trade, 1600-1830', in Agricultural History Review 22, 136–52.
Old breeches
Old carpetts of dornix
Old cloathes ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[285]
Old ffeathere boulsters
Old greene carpett
Old greene cloth
Old greene ruggs
Old hangings
Old painted hangings
Old stript stuff("In the ground roome on the same ffloare with the kitchin...the hangings about the Roome being of old stript stuffe")[286]
Old Turky carpet
Orangecoller[287]
Ordinary Naples ("At Mr Paul Docminiques house in Colman streete London, son of the said deceased were the severall goods following which were received from the deceaseds house at Tottenham heigh Crosse thither...No. 6 item one bale of ordinary Naples weight 219 lb neat, at 19 s per lb")[288]
Orgazine ("no. 3 item one other bale of Naples orgazine weight 223 lb neat, at 21s per lb")[289]
Orsoy (alt. ossoy) ("item one other bale of orsoy weightt 220 lb neat at 20 s per lb")[290]
Ossen brigs ("sent in her from London that voyage bayes, cottons, plaines and Ossen brigs and other goods to the value of fower hundred pounds sterling")[291]
Ostridge feathers ("then laden onboard the said ship severall thousands of hydes, severall bales of bees wax each bale containing about foure quintalls, a chest of ostridges feathers, a quantity of box wood and some other merchandizes which said goods and merchandizes were to be carryed and transported in the said ship Anne and Margaret to Leghorne")[292]
Otter skinns ("the said barrill att the time of the said lading containeing ninety eight beaver skinns, seaven otter skinns. and fower minx skinns")[293]; "the captaine of the said man of warr...came aboard the said ship the Pine-apple [A DUTCH SHIP] and violently tooke and carried away out of the same twenty whole beaver skinns and 4. otters skinns and foure other skinns called minke skinns and about 150. pounds of Virgina tobaccoe, the said beaver skinns being each worth 10. gilders in the whole 200. gilders and the said otter skinns and minke skinns worth fortie gilders and the said tobaccoee at 10. styvers the pound was worth in all five and seaventy gilders the whole summe amounting to three hundred and fifteen gilders or one and thirty pounds ten shillings sterling")[294]
Oxe hydes ("nine hundred twenty three oxe hydes")[295]


P


Pack cloathes ("Tallent of Hull Thomas Coates master...1 bundle of pack cloathes"[296]
Pack of stuffs
Paintadoe hangings
Painted callicoes("painted callicoes")[297]
Painted cloth
Painted matt in the chimney
Painted grey parragon ([INVENTORY: Right honourable Sir John Kelying late Lord Cheife Justice of his Majestties Court of Kings Bench] "In the chamber on my Ladies Chamber... the roome hung with gray painted parragon")[298]
Paire of breeches
Pantadoes (alt. pintadoes; pintados) ("the time arlate this rendent was sent by the said Edmund Cowse to Virginia with a quantity of goods videlicet 71 pipes of wine and no more as he beleeveth 2: chests of white earthen ware one bale of paper and noe more 20 peeces of East India stuffe called pantadoes, and a parcell of red earthen wares worth nothing at all as he beleevth, and a small quantity of salt, and no other goods as hee beleeveth")[299]
Paragons ("tenn bales of goods conteyning sixteene peeces of Taunton serges, twenty sixe peeces of paragons tenn peeces of broad cheynies, fowerteene peeces of meduses, sixe peeces of black bayes, nyne hundred twenty five yards or Spanish yardes of ffreizes peeces of quarter silke, and tenn peeces of halfe silke adorettas, sixe peeces of damaskillias or ffloramides, and fower peeces of narrow cheynyes")[300]
Parcell of broad cloth
Parragon ("grey painted parragon")
Paternoster beades
Patterns ("I intreate you to imploy said monyes soo many pieces of callicoes as they shall reach unto; to bee exactly according to the patterns I heere inclosed send you both for colour and fflower worke, being for my owne private use and ffreinds")[301]
Paynted cloth
Peice goods ("the goods carryed outwards to Cadiz as aforesayd were 400. packes of peice goods or linnen cloth ")[302]
Perpetuanes (alt. perpetuanoes; perteptuano's, perpetuana's; perpetuanae's) ("serges, bayes, sayes Norwich stuffes perpetuanes, and other goods, and after the same were provided, and bought the same were shipped on board a shipp called the Mackarel to bee carried and transported to Amsterdam")[303]

Penny broad ribbon
Petticoat
Persia carpet
Persia carpett
Piece goods
Pillow beares
Pillowbeeres
Pillowes
Pinns (alt. pins) ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[304]
Pintadoe curtains and vallence
Pintadoe windowe curatine
The Pintadoe room ("IN THE PINTADOE ROOME. ITEM A bedstead couch and rods foure nettworke curtaines and vallons tester and headcloth of callicoe one nettworke couch two chaires two stooles [?suitable] one feather bed and boulster one pillow one mattress and coverlidd two blanketts one silke carpett one Indian carpett two turkie carpetts paintadoe hangings window curtaines and Rodd one case of drawers one side table a paire of brasse andirons one paires of tongs [TOTAL] xiiij li v s ij d")[305]
Pintadoes (alt. pintados) ("a packett 20. peeces of pintados which here sell at 50 li)[306]
Pintando quilt
Pladd ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH SCOTLAND AT LONDON] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...1 pladd")[307]
Plaine cottons
Plaine gloves
Plaines ("sent in her from London that voyage bayes, cottons, plaines and Ossen brigs and other goods to the value of fower hundred pounds sterling")[308]
Pladding ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...899 ells of pladding")[309]
Playne greene cloth carpet
Plume of feathers ("signe of the plume of ffeathers at Saint Catherines staire")[310]
Plumes
Plumes of feathers
Plush
Plush chambletts
Plush jacket
Portmantle (alt. port mantle(s)) ("one portmantle with weareing linnen and some small favours and curiosities bestowed upon this deponent in ffrance"[311]; "two port mantles")[312]
Printed linnen
Printed stuff
Purple carpett ("In the Green chamber...one purple carpett")[313]
Purple cloth bed
Purple serge
Purple strype curtaines and vallence[314]
Purple suite of curtaines



Q


Quarter silke
Quilt (alt. quilte)



R


Rabbets skinns ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH SCOTLAND AT LONDON] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...32 dozen of rabbets skinns")[315]
Raw hydes
Raw silke
Red and yellow earth
Red cushions stufd with feathers
Red kersey
Red kersie cotton
Red rugg
Red serge ("headcloth of red serge")[316]
Redd beads ("some corrall or redd beads")[317]
Redd searge
Remnant of camlett
Remnant of shagg
Remnants of cloth
Remnants of sarge
Remnants of stuffe
Ribbon (alt. riben)
Riben (alt. ribbon) ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[318]
Rich crimson taffety
Rich furrs SECONDARY SOURCES: Viveka Hansen, 'The fur trade in the North American colonies - Observations of a mid-18th century traveller', in 'Textilis', no. XXXVII, online resource[319]
Rine hemp
Roane linnens ("ffrancis fforno alias van Obstal and Lewes Reynault (alias Rutharson) had at Cadiz laden for account and adventure of there the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier
and John Reynault, on board a shipp called the ffortune (ffernando Gerardo Loro a spaniard commander) of the burthen of a hundred and tenn tonnes (or there abouts) with three peeces of ordnance and eighteene men, severall bales of Roane linnens, thredd and silk laces of Paris, bombazin, taffata's of Grenada, box combes and diverse other merchandizes, amounting all together with the charges of the said shipp (which belongs to the said John James fforno) to the summe of fowrscore thousand livers Tournois, to be carried and transported in the said shipp to Cartagena in the King of Spaines dominion in the West Indies. there to be vended and invested in silver and other Indian commodities for the same account and adventure of the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier, and John Reynault")[320]
Rubarb ("the two bales of worme seed and one bale of rubarb schedulated hee saith are of the growth of Bask and Barhar under the Dominions of the King of Juzbeck neere Persia")[321]
Ruckoo ("[At Brazil] tooke in a sort of ffish called mannettee and dying-stuff calle ruckoo")[322]
Ruggs ("ten bales of ruggs videlicet five broad and five narrow")[323]
Russia leather
Russia lether
Russian hides
Ryssels stuffs


S


Sable
Sable muffle ("I give and bequeath to the said Jane Seamer my daughter all my wearing apparell both linnen and woollen and also my cabbinett my black box lined with sarsnett my bible covered with blew plush and my sable muffle")[324]; "I give and bequeath more to my said deare mother my sable muffle and also such of my wearing apparel as she shall be please to make choys of for her own wearing (saving and except such as are hereafter otherwise disposed of)")[325]
Sack cloath
Sack-cloth ("foure [?rowles] of sack-cloth")[326]
Sacking mattress
Sad colour
Safety ribons
Saffron ("and saith that in or about July last there was laded aboard the said shipp at Nantes a cargo of wine, and XXXXX, and vinegar and caskes of saffron to be carried in her for Bridges for accompt (as this deponent understood) of her said owners")[327]
Saile cloath ("The chamber over the kitchen...one bedsted with a saile cloath bottom with greene curtaines and vallons & tester"[328]; "three bailes of canvas or sale cloath marked B, six hogsheads of powdered porke, six hogsheads of powdered beef, four pipes or great vessells of pease, and 7000 lb of bisketts in baggs, two rolls of saile cloath loose, two cases with each three castors besides severall other small parcells of goods which hee now exactly remembreth not")[329]
Sarcenet mantle
Sarsenet quilt
Sarsenett
Sarsnett ("my black box lined with sarsnett")[330]
Satten ribbon ("166. douzen ells of satten ribbon")[331]
Sattens ("taffetas, sattens and stuff")[332]
Sattin
Sattin mantle
Sattin morning coate
Sattin ribbon[333]
Sattin quilt
Sayes ("serges, bayes, sayes Norwich stuffes perpetuanes, and other goods, and after the same were provided, and bought the same were shipped on board a shipp called the Mackarel to bee carried and transported to Amsterdam")[334]
Scarlet dyer
Scarlet gowne
Scarlet suit laced with gold and silver lace
Scarlett ("there were also there laden aboard the sayd shipp that voyage by Manoell Swares twenty bales of fine linnen cloath and a peece of scarlett and one trunck with hatts therein"[335]; "the two half peices of fine scarlett")[336]
Scarlett cloath (alt. scarlett cloth)[337]'
Scarlett coloured sattin morning coate ("I give more to my said sister Mrs ffrances Mann my scarlett coloured sattin morning coate to be disposed unto her presently after my decease")[338]
Scotch linnen yarne ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH AT LONDON] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...2 hogsheads of Scotch linnen yarne of 900 spindles and 200 yards of linnen cloath"))[339]
Scotch linnen cloth[340]
Scotch lynnen cloth ("iiij C ells scotch lynnen cloth")[341]
Scotch lynnen yarne ("ij packs quarter iij C Spindles of Scotch lynnen yarne")[342]
Scotch ticking
Scotch tykeing[343]
Scotsh linnen cloth ("l ells Scotsh linnen cloth")[344]
Scottish linnen cloth
Scottish linnen yarne[345]
Screene fannes[346]
Seagreene[347]
Seale skinns (alt. seal-skins) ("the sayd rack or derelict when shee was found as aforesayd forty tonne or thereabouts of trayne oyle but much damnified by water and about 70 tonne of empty casks about thirty bundles of hoopes, one great copper, and fower and twenty seale skinns, (and some fish and bread which was utterly spoiled by longe continuance in water)")[348]
Searge curtayn
Searge furniture ("In the blew chamber...searge hangings and searge furniture"[349]
Searge hangings ("In the blew chamber...searge hangings and searge furniture"[350]
Segovia woolls ("7 baggs of wooll of Andalusia and 51 baggs of Segovia woolls")[351]; "Segovia woolls and Castila woolls are commonly used and imployed in this Commonwealth aswell for making of felts and hatts as for cloths, and a very great quantitie of each of the said sorts of wooll, namely aswell of Castila as of Segovia is vended and wrought some into cloth and some into hatts every yeare in England and this hee saith was and is said and notorious, which hee knoweth having for theise sixteene yeares bin acquainted with the said commodities and having for theise nine yeares last or thereabouts dealt therein for himselfe as a wooll-seller and a haberdasher of hatts...hee beleeveth that there are yearely one yeare with another the number of foure thousand baggs of wooll and upwards of the said sorts spent and imployed in the making of felts and cloth in this Commonwealth and sold and there is a lesse quantitie spent one yeare with another in the said manufactures, but rather more, for some yeares there is asmuch or about asmuch spent in this citie along besides what is vended and imployed in other parts and places of the nation, which hee knoweth having had dealing in the said commodities for greate quantities for the said nine yeares last...hee hath heard from experienced merchants and as hee beleeveth from very good ground there are yearly more of the said sorts of woolls by two or three thousand baggs spend and imployed in this Commonwealth than in all fflannders....Amsterdam and other parts in Holland are places where woolls of the sorts aforesaid are usually stored and laid up, and it is usuall to have woolls of the sorts aforesaid sent from those places into England to be here sold, because here they doe yeald a greater price and valew, which hee knoweth by meanes of his said dealing, and having bin partner with Mr Scot a haberdasher a greate dealer on those woolls, to whom there have bin woolls consigned from Holland of this deponents knowledge... the later part of the yeare namely about September and October is the time for the importation of the greatest quantityes of the said Segovia and Castila woolls from Spaine into this Commonwealth and that in the Springe or former part of the yeare a much lesse quantitie is usually imported than in or about the monethes aforesaid which hee knoweth for the reasons aforesaid, And saith that this present yeare there hath not bin any considerable quantitie of the said sorts of wools imported into England (saving those in question) by reason of the differences betweene England and the dutch, for that of his knowledge the said sorts of wools produce here a better price by fifteene or twenty in the hundred since midsommer last than they did the last yeare,"[352]
Serge ("green wicker chair covered with serge")[353]
Serge funiture
Serges (alt. searges) ("the producente Tomas Papillon and Lawrence Martell (both well knowne to this deponent) wrote and gave commission to Mr Nicholas XXX of Exon to buy them 5 bales of serges, of 10 peeces of serges in each Bale, and to lade them aboard the shipp the Diamond of Topsham bound for Saint Malo, and to marke them F.C. and consigne them to Marc ?John at Saint Maloe for accompt of the said producents Tomas Papillon and Lawrence Martell XX XXXX of ffrancis Calendrini, which hee knoweth because this deponent keepeth the accompte of the said Mr Papillon wrote the said letter to the said partner by their order")[354]
Shagg
Shashes
Sheep skins (alt. sheepe skinns) ("three lasts of wheate, eleaven baggs of wool, 2000 sheep skins, and about 20 shipp pounds of iron")[355]
Sherling sheepe skins ("[ARRIVING FROM BERWICK UPON TWEED AT LONDON BY SHIP] Robert and Benjamin of Newcastle Michill Mordy master...70 sherling sheepe skins")[356]
Sheets and other goods suitable for Guinea
Sheetes ("seaventy foure chests of sheetes")[357]
Mixt shiffer ("one pack No 2 with ninety peeces of mixt shiffer, silke, and wooll, of this 5th marke")[358]
Sheepes wool
Shells ("three baggs or sacks of tortois shells, and five greate pots, and two smale ones of balsome or druggs, all for account of the said owners, of Amsterdam, which said shells and druggs the said Skipper bought of and from Augustin Rosetti the foresaid Genoese, who came passenger and had goods in the said shipp")[359]
Shiffer ("one pack No 2 with ninety peeces of mixt shiffer, silke, and wooll")[360]
Shirts ("two barrills of shirts")[361]
Shooes ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. Combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[362]
Shoomack ("ij C xxxj baggs Shoomac")[363]
Shorte table cloths
Shumack
Side board clothes
Silesia linnens ("a good quantitie of marchandize to the full complamant of their said tonnage, consisting in iron, Silesia linnens, sheets, knives and other commodities, to be carried on the coast of Guiney and there to be sold and bartered away for gold")[364]
Silk laces of Paris ("ffrancis fforno alias van Obstal and Lewes Reynault (alias Rutharson) had at Cadiz laden for account and adventure of there the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier
and John Reynault, on board a shipp called the ffortune (ffernando Gerardo Loro a spaniard commander) of the burthen of a hundred and tenn tonnes (or there abouts) with three peeces of ordnance and eighteene men, severall bales of Roane linnens, thredd and silk laces of Paris, bombazin, taffata's of Grenada, box combes and diverse other merchandizes, amounting all together with the charges of the said shipp (which belongs to the said John James fforno) to the summe of fowrscore thousand livers Tournois, to be carried and transported in the said shipp to Cartagena in the King of Spaines dominion in the West Indies. there to be vended and invested in silver and other Indian commodities for the same account and adventure of the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier, and John Reynault")[365]
Silke (= silk)("divers other goods or bales of silke, and other merchandizes and moneys for account of the said Riccard and company"[366]; "the 5 bales of silke are of the growth of the parts and places neere Ardiveile in Persia")[367]
Silke buttons
Silke carpett
Silke embroidery (alt. silke embroiderie) ("two flower potts in silke embroiderie")[368]
Silke fringe
Silke gownes ("the said merchandize in the said truncks consisted of linnens, and two silke gownes and two silke petticotes and some other goods of good valew")[369]
Silke hoods[370]
Silke lace
Silke petticotes ("the said merchandize in the said truncks consisted of linnens, and two silke gownes and two silke petticotes and some other goods of good valew")[371]
Silke quilte (alt. silke quilt)
Silke quilted cusheons
Silke saye
Silke stockings (alt. silke stockins) ("the said ship the Lixon ffrigot was laden at Ligorne with oyle rice silke stockings, and rope, and some other comodityes"[372]; "Thomas ?Constable gunner of the sayd shipp and slayne att the tyme of surprizall in Trapany had aboard her att the tyme of the sayd seizure for his own accompt several peices of moka?rres, dimmitees, silke stockings clothes and other things which were as this deponent beleiveth of the cleare value of forty pounds sterling")[373]
Silke sute
Silke wares
Silke window curtaines ("In the matted chamber...two silke window curtaines and a rodd")[374]
Silver lace
Sinament colour
Sizers ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[375]
Skey coller[376]
Skeycoller[377]
Skinner
Skinns (alt. skinnes; skins) ("her lading consisted in french wines, resin, feathers, skinns and other goods of the growth and making of france")[378]
Sky colour silk
Slap-sellers-ware ("merchandizes proper and serviceable for those parts videlicet: strong waters, linnen cloath, bodies, pewter, slap-sellers-ware suites of cloathes, fruit and spieceries and other goods and merchandizes the particulars whereof this rendent cannot at present exactly call to mind")[379]; COMMENTARY: Dr Marcin Krygier suggests that slap-seller is a variant of "slop-seller". Wikipedia's entry for "slopseller" states that a slopseller was "an English merchant who sold slops: cheap ready-made clothing or rough working dress. Typically these would be butchers' aprons or articles of clothing and bedding issued or sold to sailors. The term slop was applied to an early form of hose (clothing)."[380]; Frances Owen suggests that "slaps' could be slops - short, wide-legged trousers worn by sailors, later sailors' clothes generally and extended to clothes issued to convicts transported to Australia".
Slaughtered kidskinns ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...378 dozen of slaughtered kidskinns")[381]
Slaughtered lambe skinns ("[ARRIVING FROM LEITH, SCOTLAND, AT LONDON BY SHIP] Hannah of Leith John Taylor master...226 dozen of slaughtered lambe skinns")[382]
Slesias
Slotias ("thirty four chests of Slotias")[383]
Small baggs of wooll
Small copper buttons
Socks ("2. douzen of socks")[384]
Spanish cloth
Spanish leather capps
Spannish silke ("two bales of Spannish silke to be transported to the port of Lisbone")[385]
Spanish wools ("there were on the said Wednesay morning about foure or five baggs of Spanish wools put out of the frigot aboard her to be brought for London")[386]
Speckled wood ("Thomas Cooper one of the masters mates had speckled wood in her...there were laden aboard the sayd shipp at Seranam uppon the coast of Guina all the particular quantityes of Speckled wood, mentioned in the first schedule"[387]; COMMENTARY Identified by @Textilsnet as probably snakewood from Guiana or Surinam (Piratinera Guianensis). Among other uses, used as a textile dye-wood for an orange/yellow colour.[388]
Spotted velvet
Square cushions of needleworke
Square window cushions of tapestry
Spunyarne ("the Howse of ffreindship did want and stand in need of severall materialls and things to fit and enable her to proceed to sea, namely of tarr deales bankes sparrs quarters battens, traine oyle, spunyarne, ratlyn, thrumb, marlin houselin rosinn billetts, and suchlike comodityes")[389]
Starch ("a small caske (about the bignes of a butter ferkin) of starch which was found staved in the hold by meanes of the said storme"[390]; "by reason of the great plenty of good sound corne in England att this tyme [July 1655] very little of the foresayd wheat will be for any other use in England except for making of starch")[391]; SECONDARY SOURCES: Rebecca Unsworth, 'Food for thought: starch in the sixteenth century' in 'Un-making things' (2013), online web resource[392]
Statute lace
Stocking
Stocking sayes ("peices of long stocking sayes")[393]
Striped camlett
Striped curtaines (alt. striped curtains; stript curtianes)
Striped hangings
Striped stuff ("201 hogsheads of traine oile, 96 packs of whalebone, 1185 peeces of box-wood, sixtie seaven or sixtie eight baggs of wooll, and foure rolls of slight striped stuffe, all which were laden at Bayon in ffrance")[394]
Stript carpets
Stript carpett
Stript cupbord cloth
Stript curtaines
Stript hangings
Stript stuffe (alt. stript stuff)
Stryped window curtaine
Stript window curtaines
Stryped hangings
Stuff
Stuff curtains
Stuffe
Stuffs (alt. stuffes) ("the said Mr ffernandez bought or caused to be bought a considerable quantity of goods in this city, namely stuffs of severall sorts, and silke stockings, and other goods")[395]
Sufa silke (alt. suffe silke) ("amongest the rest one bill of lading for one baile of legee silke and one faugot of Sufa silke to be carried to Ligorne")[396]
Suffolk cloathes ("the arlate Mr Travers of London merchant had then three bales containing 15 or 16 Suffolke cloathes")[397]
Sumack
Sumacke
Surratt callicoes
Suites of clothes
Sute of cloth curtins
Sydeboard cloth
Synament colour


T


Tabby
Tabee cloak lyned with plush
Table cloth
Table clothes of damask worke
Table linnen
Taffata's of Granada ("ffrancis fforno alias van Obstal and Lewes Reynault (alias Rutharson) had at Cadiz laden for account and adventure of there the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier
and John Reynault, on board a shipp called the ffortune (ffernando Gerardo Loro a spaniard commander) of the burthen of a hundred and tenn tonnes (or there abouts) with three peeces of ordnance and eighteene men, severall bales of Roane linnens, thredd and silk laces of Paris, bombazin, taffata's of Grenada, box combes and diverse other merchandizes, amounting all together with the charges of the said shipp (which belongs to the said John James fforno) to the summe of fowrscore thousand livers Tournois, to be carried and transported in the said shipp to Cartagena in the King of Spaines dominion in the West Indies. there to be vended and invested in silver and other Indian commodities for the same account and adventure of the said John James fforno, Michael Charpentier, and John Reynault")[398]
Taffatie hoods ("divers goods were found about them the sayd Viber and his mate, as gloves, taffatie hoods, hatbands and other things, and some of the sayd shipps company that came back from the persuite brought alsoe some taffaty hoods and other things which they found floating on the water")[ADD REFERENCE]
Taffaty (alt. taffitye) ("a box of lace, gloves and taffaty")[399]
Taffaty hoods ("divers goods were found about them the sayd Viber and his mate, as gloves, taffatie hoods, hatbands and other things, and some of the sayd shipps company that came back from the persuite brought alsoe some taffaty hoods and other things which they found floating on the water")[ADD REFERENCE]
Taffeta ribbon ("All sorts of taffeta ribbon in a paper worth 9 li 3 s ten dozen of black silke poynts worth 1 li 8 s")[400]
Taffetes (alt. taffetas) ("one great chest No C with sixteene pieces of coloured taffetes")[401]
Taffetty
Tannd calveskinns ("fourty dozen of tannd calveskinns")[402]
Tanned hydes
Tanner
Tanning ("Item I give and bequeath to my youngest sonn William Cock eight hundred pounds which said eight hundred pounds I would have continued and used in my tanning trade so long as my executrix and the overseers of my said will shall finde it profitable, in case it shall please God to continue peace amongst us And Frances Hale my tanner shall live...Item I give and bequeath to my brother Philip Wheeler to provide some way of livelyhood for himself twenty pounds And if my deare Wife his sister shall aprehend and hope or believe that he will become Sober and carefull and she shall think fitt to continue my tanning works she may send him to Limerick in Ireland and there employ him only to take care there be noe embezelment to oversee the workmen and labourers that they loyter not, to see all hydes bought and leather shipt out expertly weighed and to be a cheque over Davis and the whole work")[403]; COMMENTARY: Conservator Angela Middleton explains that "Leather refers to mammal skin/ hide that has been altered by tanning (mainly vegetable (oak bark) tanning). This results in water resistent brown leather. Tawing uses alumn and can be used on any skin/hide to produce white-ish but non-water resistant leather. The terms skin or hide refer to the size of the animal. Skin = smaller. Hide = larger animal. Tanning and tawing are two totally different processes applied to the same raw material."
Tanton serges (i.e. Taunton) ("one pack with twenty and foure peeces of Tanton serges")[404]
Tape ("Haberdashery wars, as hatts, tape needles pins ... and such like")[405]
Tapsells ("three bales of broad tapsells")[406]
Tapestry ("a peice of Tapestry")[407]
Tapestry carpets
Tapestry coverlet
Tapestry hanging
Tapstree cushions
Tapstry-worke
Tapestry greene worke ("sute of tapestry greene worke")[408]
Tawing COMMENTARY: Conservator Angela Middleton explains that "Leather refers to mammal skin/ hide that has been altered by tanning (mainly vegetable (oak bark) tanning). This results in water resistent brown leather. Tawing uses alumn and can be used on any skin/hide to produce white-ish but non-water resistant leather. The terms skin or hide refer to the size of the animal. Skin = smaller. Hide = larger animal. Tanning and tawing are two totally different processes applied to the same raw material."
Tawney[409]
Terronella
Tester ("tester of scarlet belonging to the same imbrodered with some silver and some copper upon blacke velvett with frendge of redd silke and silver...one other tester with valence of church stuffe")[410]; "tester of sattin")[411]; POTENTIAL SOURCE: Santina M. Levey, An Elizabethan Inheritance: The Hardwick Hall Textiles (National Trust, 2010)
Testers
Teastor
Teastor headpeece
Testor
Thimbles ("there was laden and put on board the said ship in the River of Thames a cargoe of goods consisting in linnen and woollen cloath, East India stuff, searges, beads, glasses, muskets, pistolls, strongwaters, brandewines, white wine and clarret, silke stockings, suits and cloakes shoes, Knives, sizers combs pins, needles, thimbles, thred ffish hooks, bells, locks, lead and severall other comodityes.")[412]
Thread (alt. thred) ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. Stuffs Needles Thread riben pinns. Knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, rarthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[413]
Thread blankett
Thredd laces (alt. thred laces)
Thrumb (alt. thrumms) ("the Howse of ffreindship did want and stand in need of severall materialls and things to fit and amenable her to proceed to sea, namely of tarr deales bankes sparrs quarters battens, traine oyle, spunyarne, ratlyn, thrumb, marlin houselin rosinn billetts, and suchlike comodityes")[414]
Tiffanyes ("a small baile of silke or tiffanyes, which her the said Stanton sayd was worth two hundred pounds.")[415]
Tippet of velvet
Tortle shells
Tortoise shells (alt. tortois shells) ("the said chest of tortoise shells")[416]
Tortoyse shells ("one chest of tortoyse shells marked [MARK IN THE LH MARGIN] the second marke in the margent, which were soe laden on board the said ship the Morning Starr upon and for the sole and propper account of the said Alfonso Gomez Dias, merchant of Amsterdam")[417]
Towell hanger
Towells of damaske
Travellers bed of redd cloath
Tregar cloath ("besides the sayd tenn bales, fower nests of truncks, fower full conteyning flaxe and twenty peeces of narrow lockerams and halfe a peece of Tregar or course cloath, and sixe peeces of broad lockerams"[418] COMMENTARY: Freyalyn Close-Hainsworth states that 'Merchants and Merchandise in 17C Bristol: Vol 19' defines it as 'Tregar (treager) a linen fabric from Treguier in Brittany', but nothing is known about its uses.
Trimmed gloves[419]
Trimming ribbons for women
Trusse of linnen cloth
Trusses of broadcloth
Tufted hollands ("the lading of the sayd shipp is sope tufted hollands druggs and onion seades, which were laden in the sayd shipp for accompt of George Ball of Lithgow and one Mr Ball of Glasgow, and one other of Lithgow whose name he remembreth not and him this deponent, to be transported to Leith of Scotland")[420]; COMMENTARY: Textile historian Viveka Hansen notes that in the book ‘The Dictionary of Fashion History’ by Valerie Cumming et al (2010) | Quote: ‘Tufted canvas Period: 17th century. “Stript or tufted canvas with thread”, the “striping” or “tufting” done with linen thread or with silk’.
Tumerick
Tunne of yarne
Turkey work
Turkey and Smirna Persian carpetts
Turkey carpet
Turkey chaires("six turkey chaires")[421]
Turkey pallet quilts Of silke
Turkey worke chaires
Turkie carpett ("two Turkie carpetts")[422]
Turkieworke backe stooles
Turky worke carpett
Tykeing[423]
Tykeing towell ("[ARRIVING FROM BUENS ISLAND AT LONDON BY SHIP] Margate of [?Keruale] Thomas White master...900 ells of tykeing towell and linnen cloath more")[424]


U


Underdrawers ("4. payre of underdrawers")[425]
Untawed lambe skinns ("[ARRIVING FROM BERWICK UPON TWEED AT LONDON BY SHIP] Robert and Benjamin of Newcastle Michill Mordy master...308 untawed lambe skinns")[426]
Upholsterer



V


Valence of church stuffe
Vall lined with silke
Vallance teastor
Vallence of a serge of sad colour
Vallence of purpetuane
Vallence of sarsett
Vallence of silke India damaske
Vallens of blew
Vallens of stript stuff
Vallens of taffetie
Vallens of tent stitch
Vallens (alt. vallents)
Vallens of green say
Vallons
Vander hangings ("In the matted chamber...eight peeces of Vander hangings")[427]
Velvet (alt. velvett)
Velvet chaires
Velvet coate
Velvet cusheons (alt. velvet cushions)
Velvet lining of a cloake
Velvet scarfe
Velvet sute
Velvett
Verdure
Vermilion (alt. vermillion) ("13 yards of vermilion att 10 d per yard")[428]
Very fine Holland sheets ("two paire of very fyne Holland sheets two paire of courser sort")[429]
Vest ("we are so angry with the ffrench that we have forsaken theire ffashions and entertain’d the popish habit which we call a vest") [IN A FOOTNOTE TO A LETTER FROM JAMES OXINDEN TO HIS UNCLE SIR GEORGE OXENDEN, PRESIDENT OF THE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY IN SURAT, DATED JANUARY 1666/67][430]
Violet cloak lyned with squirrell
Violet color


W


Wadmell ("[ARRIVING FROM YARMOUTH]. Lyon of Yarmouth Clement Rotter master...100 yards of Wadmell")[431]
Wadmell mettens ("[ARRIVING FROM YARMOUTH]. Lyon of Yarmouth Clement Rotter master...10 dozen paire of Wadmell mettens")[432]
Wadmell mittens ("[ARRIVING FROM YARMOUTH AT LONDON BY SHIP] Pellican of Yarmouth Jonas Neane master...16 dozen of Wadmell mittens"[433]
Wast belts
Wastecoate
Watershell[434]
Watered mohaire lyned with green sarsenett[435]
Watered tabbies
Wattered tabby[436]
Wearing apparrell ("j trunck j box ij portmantles quarter wearing apparell")[437]
Wearing cloths
Weareing linnen
Weild ("[ARRIVING FROM ROCHESTER AT LONDON BY SHIP] Blessing of Newhyde Thomas Ward master...3 load of weild")[438]
Weld ("[ARRIVING FROM DOVER AT LONON] Providenceof Dover Robert Ledgant master...2 loads of weld")[439]
Welted stockins[440]
West India hydes ("two thousand West India hydes")[441]
Whalebone ("201 hogsheads of traine oile, 96 packs of whalebone, 1185 peeces of box-wood, sixtie seaven or sixtie eight baggs of wooll, and foure rolls of slight striped stuffe, all which were laden at Bayon in ffrance")[442]
White bone lace
White callicoe
White callico curtains
White Calma silke
White curtaines
White dimitys
White hatt ("I give and bequeath unto my approved good freind Mr Phillip Gyffard my belt and white hatt left in his possession likewise my gold seale ring")[443]
White Holland curtains
White kantins
White lace
White sarcenet mantle
White serge window curtains
White serges ("the usuall rate of mixed serges of twelve pounds weight per peice is about three pounds ten shillings the first penny, and white serges are usually sold the first penny att betwixt four pounds and five pounds per peice. And much after that rate serges of that nature were sold for att Colchester the first penny about the latter end of the yeare 1653"[444]
Willow colour
Window curtaines of callicoe
Window curtens
Window cushions
Windowcloth
Woad COMMENTARY: Woad ('Isatis tinctoria') is an indigo dye-bearing plant of Assyria and the Levant, grown extensively in the past in Northern Europe.[445] SECONDARY SOURCES: (1) 'Isatis tinctoria' (also called woad, dyer's woad, or glastum), Wikipedia entry[446] (2) 'Glossary of dyeing terms', Wikipedia entry, online webresource[447]
Woade
Wood coller[448]
Woolen cloth
Wooll (= wools) ("John Dobson master of the shipp the William of Dartmouth upon the ladings of the seaven and twentie baggs of wool mentionned in the premisse of this cause on board the said shipp the William of Dartmouth then lyeing in the porte or roade of Bilboa to be carryed in the said shipp from thence to London")[449]
Wooll of Andalusia ("7 baggs of wooll of Andalusia and 51 baggs of Segovia woolls")[450]
Woollen blanckets
Woollen fflox ("ffortune of Ipswich Benjamin Myles master...5 baggs of woollen fflox")[451]
Woollen yarne (alt. wool yarn) ("James Quilter ind ij parcells quantity ij hundred weight of worsted and woollen yarne"[452]
Worsted stockings
Woosted stockings (alt. worsted stockings) ("which lading hee saith consisted in woollen and lynnen cloth, serges. stuffs Needles thread riben pinns. knives sizers silke, and woosted stockings. combs, bells, morters and pestles, earthen ware glasses, beads, cabinetts hatts. shooes. old cloathes and other comodityes")[453]
Woorsted stockings
Would [SEE ALSO "ENGLISH WOAD", WHICH MAY BE DIFFERENT COMMODITY] ("John of ffeversham Thomas Rabbidge Master...2 loads of would for dyers...")[454]; COMMENTARY: Dr Samantha Thompson notes an entry in a botanical work by George Don (1831) for the herb "Reseda Luteola". Don identifies multiple common place names for the herb, including "Dyer's-weed, yellow-weed, weld, woud, woold and wild woad", and also "Dyers'-woold". He states "Dyers formerly made considerable use of this plant; for it affords a most beautiful yellow dye for cotton, woollen, silk, and linen. Blue cloths are dipped in a decoction of it in order to become green...The entire plant when it is about flowering is pulled up for the use of the dyers, who employ it both fresh and dried." Don distinguishes "Reseda Luteola" , or "Dyer's-Woold", from Woad or Indigo.[455]; Woad ('Isatis tinctoria') is an indigo dye-bearing plant of Assyria and the Levant, grown extensively in the past in Northern Europe.[456] SECONDARY SOURCES: (1) 'Reseda Luteola', in George Don, A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants, (London, 1831), pp. 287-288[457] (2) 'Weld (Reseda luteola), in Wild Colours - Weld Dye Plants, online web resource[458] (3) 'Isatis tinctoria' (also called woad, dyer's woad, or glastum), Wikipedia entry[459] (4) 'Glossary of dyeing terms', Wikipedia entry, online webresource[460]
Worsted yarne ("James Quilter ind ij parcells quantity ij hundred weight of worsted and woollen yarne"[461]
Wrought couch[462]
Wrought curtaines ("In the matted chamber...foure wrought curtaines and vallours tester and head cloth")[463]
Wrought dymothy
Wrought funiture


Y


Yellow Avinion silk quilt
Yellow bayes
Yellow cloath
Yellow cover
Yellow damask bed
Yellow dying stuff ("three small barrells of yellow dying stuff")[464]
Red and yellow earth
Yellow perpetuana
Yellow rugg
Yellow silke
Yellow silke quilt
Yorkshire cottons



Z

  1. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  2. HCA 13/71 f.361r
  3. HCA XX/XX f.XX
  4. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  5. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  6. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  7. HCA 13/73 f.199r
  8. HCA 13/70 f.341v
  9. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  10. HCA 13/73 f.594r
  11. HCA 15/6, no fol. no., bill of lading, Dec. 20th 1655
  12. HCA 13/64 f.19r
  13. PROB 4/7600 Kelyng, Rt. Hon. Sir John, 1671 16 Dec
  14. HCA 13/70 f.652v
  15. HCA 13/73 f.17v
  16. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  17. HCA 13/71 f.43v
  18. HCA 13/70 f.442v
  19. 4th April 1663, Letter from Margaret Oxinden to Sir GO, Addendum, Deane, Kent
  20. C10/488/141
  21. PROB 11/331 Coke 108-166 Will of Randolph Taylor, Merchant 11 October 1669
  22. PROB 11/173 Goare 1-58 Will of George Seagars, Gentleman of Wrotham, Kent 07 February 1637
  23. HCA 13/68 f.464v
  24. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  25. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  26. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  27. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  28. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  29. PROB 4/6567 Inventory of Rachel, Dow. Count. of Bath, of St Giles in the Fds, Midd. 1681
  30. HCA 13/76 f.38v
  31. HCA 13/53 f.249r
  32. HCA 13/72 f.216v
  33. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  34. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  35. HCA 13/72 f.16v
  36. HCA 13/71 f.591r; HCA 13/71 f.591v
  37. 'BOMBASÄNG', in Sevensaka Akademiens Ordbok, online web resource. https://www.saob.se/artikel/?seek=bombasin&pz=1, accessed 15/01/2018
  38. 'Bombazijn' in Historische woordernboeken op internet, instituut voor de Nederlandse taal (1007, origially pub. 1893), online web resource, accessed 15/01/2018]
  39. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  40. HCA 13/72 f.216v
  41. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  42. HCA 13/70 f.22v
  43. HCA 13/73
  44. HCA 13/129 unfoliated, r., Personal answers of Augustine Coronell: Allegation: John Thacker: Date: June 23rd 1659
  45. HCA 13/68 f.7v
  46. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  47. E 190/46/2 f.9r
  48. HCA 13/53 f.249r
  49. HCA 13/53 f.1r
  50. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  51. C6/36/21 f.2
  52. HCA 13/70 f.63v
  53. C6/36/21 f.2
  54. HCA 13/53 f.1r
  55. C6/151Pt1/55 Inventory of John Wolsentholme, merchant taylor, 1661, ff. X-1
  56. PROB 11/325 Carr 117-176 Will of Sir Thomas Rich of Sonning, Berkshire 20 November 1667
  57. HCA 13/71 f.361r
  58. HCA 13/72 f.340r
  59. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  60. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  61. HCA 13/73
  62. HCA 13/76 f.58r
  63. PROB 5/840 Inventory & probate accounts of Samuel Mico, 1666, ff. 1-27
  64. HCA 13/72 f.200v
  65. HCA 13/69 Silver 6 f.4r
  66. HCA 13/73 f.474v
  67. HCA 13/70 f.313v
  68. HCA 13/70 f.87v
  69. HCA 13/72 f.430v
  70. Essex Record Office, D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  71. E 190/46/2 f.2v
  72. HCA 13/73
  73. HCA 13/72 f.252r
  74. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  75. HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2461; HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2462
  76. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  77. HCA 13/73 f.560v
  78. HCA 13/72 f.279r
  79. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  80. HCA 13/73
  81. HCA 13/73 f.18r
  82. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  83. HCA 13/72 f.216v
  84. HCA 13/73 f.499r
  85. HCA 13/70 f.290r
  86. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  87. PROB 11/396 Ent 91-138 Will of Thomas Blackerby of Stowmarket, Suffolk 27 August 1689
  88. HCA 13/69 no. foliation
  89. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  90. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  91. HCA 3/47 f. 1v, Tues., 3rd June 1656
  92. HCA 3/47, f. 1v, Tues., 3rd June 1656
  93. HCA 13/72 f.423r
  94. HCA 13/71 f.676v
  95. SP46/84 ff.34f-37r
  96. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  97. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  98. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  99. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  100. HCA 13/71 f.517r
  101. HCA 13/71 f.265v
  102. HCA 13/72 f.61r
  103. HCA 13/71 f.?19r
  104. HCA 13/73
  105. PROB 5/840 Inventory & probate accounts of Samuel Mico, 1666, ff. 1-27
  106. HCA 13/73
  107. Essex Record Office, D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  108. PROB 5/457 Holworthy, Sir Matthew, kt, (of Hackney, Middx) 1679
  109. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  110. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  111. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  112. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  113. HCA 13/72 f.340r
  114. HCA 13/71 f.628v
  115. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  116. PROB 11/449 Pott 1–44 Will of Elizabeth Ashe, Widow of Halstead, Kent 07 January 1699
  117. HCA 13/71 f.372v
  118. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  119. Edward A. Roberts, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots: Volume I (A-G) (XXXX, 2014), p.481
  120. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  121. HCA 13/68 f.490r
  122. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  123. HCA 13/72 f.216v
  124. D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  125. HCA 13/68 f.147v
  126. HCA 13/73 f.528v
  127. HCA 13/73
  128. HCA 13/73 f.194v
  129. E 190/46/2 f.18r
  130. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  131. HCA 13/53 f.260v
  132. HCA 13/68 f.382v
  133. HCA 13/53 f.109r
  134. HCA 13/128 unfol., r., Allegation: Edmund and James Cowse: Answer: Daniell ?Jiggles: Date: XXXX
  135. E 190/46/2 f.1r
  136. E 190/46/2 f.18v
  137. HCA 13/71 f.516v
  138. E 190/46/2 f.1v
  139. E 190/46/2 f.15v
  140. HCA 13/70 f.22v
  141. HCA 13/70 f.25r Annotate
  142. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  143. HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2463
  144. HCA 13/73 f.17v
  145. HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2461
  146. [[E 190/46/2 f.13v Annotate|E 190/46/2 f.13v Annotate]
  147. HCA 13/128 unfol. r., Case: Beane against Jacobs: Personall answeares: Humfrey Beane: Date: XXXX
  148. HCA 13/69 Silver 1 f.34r
  149. HCA 13/69 Silver 15 f.17v
  150. HCA 13/69 Silver 1 f.32v
  151. BL, Add. MS. XX,XXX, f.87, 3rd April 1663, Letter from Daniel Pennington, London, to Sir George Oxenden, Surat, Letter 2
  152. HCA 13/73
  153. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  154. HCA 13/68 f.455r
  155. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  156. HCA XX/XX f.XX
  157. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  158. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  159. HCA 13/68 f.619v
  160. HCA 13/71 f.508v
  161. HCA 13/71 f.275r
  162. HCA 13/70 f.132v
  163. Viveka Hansen, 'The fur trade in the North American colonies - Observations of a mid-18th century traveller', in 'Textilis', no. XXXVII, online resource, accessed 08/01/2018
  164. HCA 13/70 f.455v
  165. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  166. HCA 13/73
  167. HCA 13/73
  168. HCA 13/71 f.?19r
  169. HCA 13/70 f.351v
  170. HCA 13/70 f.241v
  171. HCA 13/70 f.313v
  172. HCA 13/71 f.220r
  173. PROB 11/325 Carr 117-176 Will of Sir Thomas Rich of Sonning, Berkshire 20 November 1667
  174. PROB 11/190 Cambell 86-131 Will of Roger Abdy, Merchant of London 03 September 1642
  175. PROB 11/396 Ent 91-138 Will of Thomas Blackerby of Stowmarket, Suffolk 27 August 1689
  176. PROB 5/2963 Inventory of Nicholas Hurlestone, 1671, ff. 1-10
  177. PROB 4/7600 Kelyng, Rt. Hon. Sir John, 1671 16 Dec
  178. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  179. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  180. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  181. PROB 4/7600 Kelyng, Rt. Hon. Sir John, 1671 16 Dec
  182. HCA 13/53 f.1r
  183. HCA 13/71 f.361r
  184. HCA 13/65 f.87v
  185. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  186. HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2461
  187. PROB 11/177 Lee 52-114 Will of George Willoughby, Merchant of London 04 July 1638
  188. HCA 13/70 f.745r
  189. HCA 13/70 f.331r
  190. Hansen, Viveka, ‘Haberdashers – 18th & 19th Century Trade Cards’, TEXTILIS , (November 18, 2015), accessed 11/01/2018
  191. HCA 13/70 f.647v
  192. HCA 13/70 f.647r
  193. HCA 13/70 f.604r
  194. XX
  195. HCA 13/73 f.528v
  196. HCA 13/129, unfol., image: P1100991
  197. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  198. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  199. HCA 13/70 f.622r
  200. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  201. HCA 13/71 f.358v
  202. HCA 13/72 f.279r
  203. HCA 13/63 f.468v
  204. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  205. 'Hats: felts, demi-castors, castors and beavers', Sep. 15, 2015, in 'Costume Historian', an online blog, accessed 08/01/2018
  206. HXA XX/XX f.XX
  207. HCA 15/6 unfol.
  208. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  209. C6/36/21 f.2
  210. HCA 13/69 unfol.
  211. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  212. C6/36/21 f.2
  213. Essex Record Office, D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  214. Essex Record Office, D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  215. Essex Record Office, D/DPr/430 Inventory of Henry Andrewes, 1638
  216. HCA 13/53 f.219v
  217. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  218. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  219. HCA 13/129, unfol., image: P1100991
  220. HCA 13/72 f.667v
  221. Letter from Thomas Blackerby, Stowmarket, to Sir George Oxenden, Surat, 11th March 1666/67
  222. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  223. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  224. HCA 13/69 unfol.
  225. HCA 13/73
  226. HCA 13/64 f.?r
  227. HCA 13/73
  228. HCA 13/72 f.52v
  229. HCA 13/73 f.158v
  230. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  231. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  232. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  233. E 190/46/2 f.22r
  234. HCA 13/72 f.200v
  235. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  236. HCA 13/129, no fol. no., Case: XXXX: Answer: XXXX: Date: XXXX
  237. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  238. HCA 13/71 f.322r
  239. HCA 13/69 unfol.
  240. HCA 13/69 no f.
  241. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  242. HCA 13/73
  243. HCA 23/19 no f.
  244. HCA 13/70 f.87v
  245. HCA 13/73 f.89v
  246. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  247. HCA 13/72 f.216v
  248. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  249. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  250. PROB 4/7600 Kelyng, Rt. Hon. Sir John, 1671 16 Dec
  251. HCA 13/53 f.162v
  252. HCA 13/73 f.515r
  253. HCA 3/46 f.43v
  254. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  255. HCA 13/73 f.158v
  256. HCA 13/70 f.288r
  257. HCA 13/70 f.63v
  258. HCA 13/70 f.442v
  259. HCA 13/71 f.43v
  260. HCA 13/71 f.160v
  261. HCA 13/71 f.158r
  262. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  263. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  264. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  265. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  266. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  267. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  268. HCA 13/73 f.468v
  269. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  270. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  271. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  272. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  273. Sylvia's Book of Macramé Lace (London & New York, date unclear), p.367
  274. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  275. PROB 5/840 Inventory & probate accounts of Samuel Mico, 1666, ff. 1-27
  276. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  277. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  278. C6/36/21 f. 2, dated Dec. 23rd, 1667
  279. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  280. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  281. HCA 13/125 unfol. 111_PANA_PART_TWO_P1110701
  282. TNA, E 190/46/2 f.4r
  283. L.A. Clarkson, The English Bark Trade, 1600-1830
  284. Michael Shaw (1996), 'The Excavation of a Late 15th- to 17th-Century Tanning Complex at The Green, Northampton' in Post-Medieval Archaeology, vol. 30, 1996, issue 1, pp.63-127, accessed 05/01/2018
  285. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  286. C6/151Pt1/55 Inventory of John Wolsentholme, merchant taylor, 1661, ff. X-1
  287. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  288. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  289. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  290. PROB 5/2521 Inventory of Paul Docminique sen., 1680/81, ff. 1-8
  291. HCA 13/72 f.449v
  292. HCA 13/73 f.673r
  293. HCA 13/71 f.43v
  294. HCA 13/70 f.442v
  295. HCA 13/65 f.109v
  296. E 190/46/2 f.15v
  297. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  298. PROB 4/7600 Kelyng, Rt. Hon. Sir John, 1671 16 Dec
  299. HCA 13/128 no fol. no. recto, Allegation: Edmund and James Cowse: Answer: Daniell ?Jiggles: Date: XXXX
  300. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  301. BL, Add. MS. XX,XXX, f.87, 3rd April 1663, Letter from Daniel Pennington, London, to Sir George Oxenden, Surat, Letter 2
  302. HCA 13/68 f.294r
  303. HCA 13/73 f.199r
  304. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  305. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  306. HCA 13/128 unfol.
  307. E 190/46/2 f.21v
  308. HCA 13/72 f.449v
  309. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  310. HCA 13/63 f.270v
  311. HCA 13/68 f.464v
  312. E 190/46/2 f.2r
  313. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  314. PROB 5/840 Inventory & probate accounts of Samuel Mico, 1666, ff. 1-27
  315. E 190/46/2 f.21v
  316. PROB 5/2160 Inventory of Robert Cranmere, 1665, ff. 1-5
  317. HCA 13/63 f.140r
  318. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  319. Viveka Hansen, 'The fur trade in the North American colonies - Observations of a mid-18th century traveller', in 'Textilis', no. XXXVII, online resource, accessed 08/01/2018
  320. HCA 13/71 f.591r; HCA 13/71 f.591v
  321. HCA 13/65 f.86r
  322. HCA 13/70 f.612r
  323. C6/36/21 f.2
  324. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  325. PROB 11/315 Bruce 97-143 Will of Jane Noke, Widow of London 22 September 1664
  326. HCA 13/70 f.25r
  327. HCA 13/76 f.60v
  328. PROB 4/18483 Inventory of Martha Pennoyer, 1674, f. 1 (scroll)
  329. HCA 13/68 f.387r
  330. PROB 11/398 Dyke 1-44 Will of Mary Hoddesdon, Widow of Upminster, Essex 11 January 1690
  331. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  332. HCA 13/73 f.528v
  333. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  334. HCA 13/73 f.199r
  335. HCA 13/71 f.505r
  336. HCA 13/70 f.395r
  337. HCA 13/71 f.628v
  338. PROB 11/315 Bruce 97-143 Will of Jane Noke, Widow of London 22 September 1664
  339. E 190/46/2 f.18v
  340. E 190/46/2 f.22r
  341. E 190/46/2 f.3r
  342. E 190/46/2 f.2r
  343. E 190/46/2 f.21v
  344. E 190/46/2 f.2r
  345. E 190/46/2 f.1r
  346. HCA 13/71 f.349r
  347. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  348. HCA 13/70 f.521r
  349. PROB 4/3128 Inventory of Sir Dawes Wymondesold, of Putney, Surrey 1675 18 Dec.
  350. PROB 4/3128 Inventory of Sir Dawes Wymondesold, of Putney, Surrey 1675 18 Dec.
  351. HCA 13/68 f.308r
  352. HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2461; HCA 13/66 Silver IMG 118 07 2462
  353. PROB 5/457 Holworthy, Sir Matthew, kt, (of Hackney, Middx) 1679
  354. HCA 13/64 f.21r
  355. HCA 13/76 f.11v
  356. E 190/46/2 f.18r
  357. C6/36/21 f.2
  358. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  359. HCA 13/72 f.135r
  360. HCA 13/72 f.9r
  361. HCA 13/68 f.456v
  362. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  363. E 190/46/2 f.2r
  364. HCA 13/71 f.616r
  365. HCA 13/71 f.591r; HCA 13/71 f.591v
  366. HCA 13/73
  367. HCA 13/65 f.87v
  368. HCA 13/68 f.464r
  369. HCA 13/70 f.625v
  370. HCA 13/71 f.349r
  371. HCA 13/70 f.625v
  372. HCA 13/73
  373. HCA 13/68 f.147v
  374. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  375. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  376. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  377. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  378. HCA 13/70 f.229v
  379. HCA 13/70 f.407r
  380. 'Slopseller', Wikipedia, accessed 02/01/2018
  381. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  382. E 190/46/2 f.19r
  383. C6/36/21 f.2
  384. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  385. HCA 13/71 f.669r
  386. HCA 13/76 f.10r
  387. HCA 13/53 f.35v
  388. 'Piratinera Guianensis - Snakewood', Tropilab Inc website, accessed 21/10/2017
  389. HCA 13/73 f.403r
  390. HCA 13/70 f.677r
  391. HCA 13/68 f.351v
  392. Rebecca Unsworth, 'Food for thought: starch in the sixteenth century' in 'Un-making things' (2013), online web resource
  393. PROB 5/840 Inventory & probate accounts of Samuel Mico, 1666, ff. 1-27
  394. HCA 13/70 f.22v
  395. HCA 13/73
  396. HCA 13/71 f.322r
  397. HCA 13/73 f.175r
  398. HCA 13/71 f.591r; HCA 13/71 f.591v
  399. HCA 13/73 f.528v
  400. HCA 13/68 f.464v
  401. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  402. E 190/46/2 f.12v
  403. PROB 11/359 King 1-65 Will of George Cock, Merchant of Greenwich, Kent 03 April 1679
  404. HCA 13/72 f.8v
  405. HCA 13/73 f.528v
  406. C6/36/21 f.2
  407. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  408. PROB 4/2831 Inventory of Guybon Goddard, esq., of Lincoln's Inn, London 1671 13 July
  409. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  410. Inventory of William Dallison of Hallinge, Kent, 1583/84
  411. PROB 5/2160 Inventory of Robert Cranmere, 1665, ff. 1-5
  412. HCA 13/73 f.499r
  413. HCA 13/73 f.509r
  414. HCA 13/73 f.403r
  415. HCA 13/70 f.301r
  416. HCA 13/73
  417. HCA 13/73
  418. HCA 13/71 f.574v
  419. HCA 13/68 f.459v
  420. HCA 13/68 f.676r
  421. PROB5/4028 Inventory and probate accounts of Issac Alvarez, 1686, ff. 1-82
  422. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  423. E 190/46/2 f.21v
  424. E 190/46/2 f.18v
  425. HCA 13/68 f.464v
  426. E 190/46/2 f.18r
  427. PROB 5/1632 Inventory of Jonathan Ashe, 1666, ff. 1-16
  428. C6/151Pt1/55 Inventory of John Wolsentholme, merchant taylor, 1661, ff. X-1
  429. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
  430. Bl, Private correspondence of Sir George Oxenden, January 1666/67, Letter from James Oxinden, at Deane, Kent, to Sir George Oxenden, Surat, East Indies
  431. E 190/46/2 f.17v
  432. E 190/46/2 f.17v
  433. E 190/46/2 f.21r
  434. SP 46/84 ff. multiple
  435. PROB 11/320/104 Will of Sir John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex 02 April 1666
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