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Marine glossary



Purpose

This page provides a glossary of marine terms taken from mid-C17th English High Court of Admiralty documents, second half of the C17th Chancery Court documents relating to commercial disputes, and second half of the C17th Prerogative Court of Canterbury merchants' inventories.






Index



A


Able Seamen ("all the mariners schedule were able Seamen, and were all Able (for ought this deponent knoweth to the Contrary) to performe their severall places which they were put into in the said ship the said voyage"[1]
Adventuer (= Adventurer) ("Owners & Adventuers in the sayd shipp"[2]
Affreightment ("about the time of the said affreightment there was a generall Embargo upon all English shipps and a generall Impresse for all seamen in the publiqe service, and the said Caryll taking notice thereof this deponent heard him promise to procure a lycense for the said shipp and a protection for her mariners from these Imprests And not long after the said promise hee saith the said Caryll gave by the hands of this deponent to the said Morley a paper or writing which hee procured upon the said voyage as also a protection for the security of the marriners from the said Impresse"[3]
Anchor ("did keepe her there at anchor about an hower after such his comming on board"[4]; "One best bower Anchor One small bower Anchor. One sheete Anchor One ?kedge Anchor One Warpe Anchor"[5]
Anchor stock ("hee heard the Carpenter of the sayd shipp & others of the sayd shipps company saye that they sawe him discharge the sayd pistill against an Anchor stock and that the same was charged with a brace of bulletts"[6]
Ancient ("a white Ancient in her poope")[7]
Antient
Apparell
Assineth compasse (= ?Azimoth; Assneth; Azimuth) ("the Master takeing from him the sayd May a Compasse called an Assineth Compasse, And this deponent heard the sayd Master demand of the sayd May the said Assneth Compasse and sayd if you (meaning the sayd May) will not observe in it, or make use of it your selfe, lett mee make use of it, whereto the sayd May answerd and sayd the compasse was his, and hee would keepe it, or words to that effect and the master being thereat offended and ?desyrene to make use of the sayd compasse commanded John Swinburne his boatswaine upon perill of looseing his wages to take the sayd compasse out of the sayd Mayes cabbin and give or bring it to him the sayd Master"[8]
Auncient ("carry or weare any Hollands Autient, Jack or Colour")[9]


B


Ballast ("it would have been very dangeros for the said Grove to have delivered out the said salt without first receiving stones of other heavy things on board her, to ballast her, and keepe her stiffe, for that thereby shee might be over set, And further saith that the said Wood at other times sent Boates soe fast that the said Grove and the mariners on board her had not time to fetch stones to stiffen the said Ship; And saith the said Wood did as aforesaid Imploy most of the said Ships Company on shore; soe that the said Grove had not men sufficient to fetch stones to ballast and stiffen the said Ship"[10]; "he further saith that a shipp of the burthen interrate having stones or mettall for ballast may receive as he judgeth about two hundred and fifty baggs of cotton in and for her whole lading but if she be ballasted with galls noe more than fitting, shee cannot receive as he judgeth above two hundred bags in all on board her"[11]
Bandaliers
Barr ("in the Parliaments fleete w:ch then lay without the barr in pursuite of Prince Rupert and the Revolted shipps"[12]
Barque ("the fishing boate or barque aclate the Sus?tan coming about five dayes since from WalserXXXXch for this port of London laden with butter and XXXX to be there delivered was neere the Spistes met with a and taken by a duty shallop a man of warre subiect to the States")[13]
Beames ("he saith that to the laying and steeving of cotton wolls there is much tyme necessarilly spent in laying and removing of the Crane, the beames, the blockes and other necessary Implements"[14]
Bilging ("the time of her bilging"[15]; "shee was by Extraordinary great winds, forced upon the sands. upon the Coast of ffrance, and there bilged, and shee and her Lading lost"[16]; "after the said Ship theWarewell had layne moored in the place aforesaid for the space of One ffloud and two Ebbs. shee happened to be bilged upon an Anchor which lay within the said ships birthe which had not then any boy fastned to it"[17]
Bill of Bottomry[18]
Bill of ladeinge (= bill of ladinge; bills of lading; bills of ladeing) ("Whether doe you not know, or have heard That the said Vincent Russlett did upon a Sunday morninge when thepeople were at Church takinge his Opportunitye and without givinge notice to the ffor of the said Humphry Dewell secretly sett saile from Oratava with his said Shipp without signinge of bills of ladeinge for the same"[19]
Billenders[20] ("the said Billenders keeping ffire in theire said vessells night and day if any mischance by ffire should happen in theire vessells rideing soe neere the shoare (as God forbidd) the same may tend to the utter ruineing of the said Premisses. And likewise that it is theire constant custome especially on the Lords dayes either to pforme bodily worke or to follow vaine sports and exercizes both to the greate dishonnour of God the scandall of true Religion the evill example of others and a very greate discreditt and disquittment to the said precincte"[21]
Blocks ("blocks of all Sorts Sufficient for a ships voyage" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Blockes ("he saith that to the laying and steeving of cotton wolls there is much tyme necessarilly spent in laying and removing of the Crane, the beames, the blockes and other necessary Implements"[22]
Blunderbus
Boate
Boat swaine (= boatswaine) ("hee this deponent went Boat swaine of the shipp Pease the voyage in question"'[23]
Boatswaines Mate ("EDWARD CARR of Westow in the County of Durham Mariner at first a common mariner and afterwards Boatswaines Mate of the sayd shipp the Vine aged twenty one yeares or thereabouts a witness"'[24]
Boatswayne ("att the sayd shipps arrivall in Norway the sayd Batsons and Companies factor here did putt on board the sayd shipp forty five horses or thereabouts for their use and accompt, to be carryed and transported from thence to the Barbadoes And the sayd James Cooke and Maynard Johnson as matee and Boatswayne were by their plans to looke unto and have care of the stowage thereof, and to see that the stanchions in which they were to be placed were strong and good"[25]
Bolt spritt (whether the Prosperous did not runne her bolt spritt betweene the misson mast & misson shrowdes of the Swanne on the star board quarter?"[26]; "notwithstanding this neglect in them the said ship Hopefull Seaventure by gods blessing upon the endeavo:r of the Master and Company went clere of the Comfort and never touched her head Boltspritt masts or any part of the yards, or any thing els belonging to her only the yard arme of the spritsaile which was soe slightly touched that noe XXX was done to it or to the said ship Comfort of his surtaine knowledge of this deponent who was an eye witnes thereof, and saith that such touching the said yard arme might have bin easily prevented if the Master and Company of the Comfort or any of them had bin at hand to have put their XXXX a port or topped their sprittsaile yard"[27]
Bolts ("about a hundred great bulletts and bolts")[28]
Bow (["the Abigaile] in a willfull or careless manner came up to the said Ship the Agreement and glanced by her, and onely touched her Bow and quarter"[29]
Bower
Bower cable ("at the time interrate all the said ships provisions, Tackling, and Cables were betweene Decks"[30]; "one shete cable one best bower cable and an old XXXX for a small bower Cable"[31]
Boy (= Buoy)
Brace ("charged with a brace of bulletts"[32]
Broker ("one John Roles, a Portugueze (sic) Broker, whom this Depo:t Imployed in procuring of goods to lade onboard y:e sd ship upon freight"[33]
Bulletts ("about a hundred great bulletts and bolts")[34]
Buoy ("the M:r of the Comfort swept one tide for his cable & anchor, but not finding of it hee came that day onboard the Hopefull Seaventure, and then p:rtended that shee had not his cable, and sayd that hee had had a buoy to his anchor"[35]
Burthen


C


Cabin ("the sayd Master desyred of the sayd May his the sayd Mayes Azimuth Compasse to use, and the sayd May being formerly displeased with the sayd master refused to lett him have the same, and the Master being therat offended, commanded one Swinburne the then Boatswaine of the sayd shipp upon perill of the losse of his wages to fetch the sayd Compasse out of the sayd Mayes Cabbin and the sayd May speeking to the sayd Boatswain sayd this or to the like effect videlicet Boteswaine I charge you upon perill of tenn tymes the losse of your wages that you meddle not with the sayd compasse" (HCA 13/71 f.309r); "the sayd Swinburne the boatswaine did before the difference XXXX XXXX the sayd M:r & the sayd May happened deliver to this deponent his Cutlass and Pistoll to keepe amd this deponent laid them up in his Cabbin but the Cabbin having noe doore to it this deponent knoweth not who tooke the same out thXXX nor when it was taken thence"[36]
Cables ("at the time interrate all the said ships provisions, Tackling, and Cables were betweene Decks" (HCA 13/73 Part Two); "one shete cable one best bower cable and an old XXXX for a small bower Cable" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Calkinge ("for want of calkinge" (HCA 24/112))
Calmes ("by meanes of Contrary windes, and Calmes, and Hurricanoes (which were very frequent then there insoemuch that neither the said Grove nor this deponent nor the other mates on board her could gaine the Latitude) The said ship did misse the Island of the Barbadoes"(HCA 13/73))
Canoes ("whether did not the said Thomas Cheevers the master of the said shippe for and on the behalfe of the said Royall Company offer to trade with severall Negroes of the said place for bartering away of the Comodities carried out in the said shippe for Merchandizes and Commodities of the said Countrey, and whether did not severall Negroes of the said place with XXX canoes come to the side of the said shippe the Providence and were in actuall trade with the Master of the said shippe" (HCA 23/19 no f.))
Cape whale
Capsteene (= capsterne) ("whither the said Robert Oyle did not at sea punish Edward Collings one of the said shipps Company at the Capsteene upon pretence that at Zephaloia the said Collings did take away some ?Currans" (HCA 23/19 no f.))
Capsterne ("by reason of differences betwixt the sayd Master and him hee did beleeve the sayd master would proceede to bring him to the Capsterne and punish him" (HCA 13/71 f.309v))
Carbines
Cargaison
Cargazoone (= cargasone) ("the said ship the Saphire (XXXX hee only depose) had Laden and put a bord her a Cargazoone of goods the particulars whereof and to whom consigned are specified in this depon:ts Pursers booke of fraight delivered to the said General Blake or to such as he appointed to receave the same"[37]
Carpenter
Carpenters mate
Caske ("did stave and cast over board most of their caskes with fresh water" (HCA 13/73))
Charterparty ("for more certaynety therein referreth him selfe to the Charterparty made between them thereabout (HCA 13/73))
Charter partie
Charter party
Charterptie ("done not of any distrust hee had of this deponent and the rest. but merely to collour the businesse soe as that thereby the Portugall theire respective Imployers might not have any advantage against them for the non performance of the said voyage from Lisbone to Brazeele which by Charter patie they were to have performed")[38]
Cheife mate ("The premisses hee deposeth being Cheife Mate of the said Shipp and helping to take in and lade the said salt, and tooke notice of the premisses" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Chirugeon ("the arlate William Burton and Phillip Cooper (being hired by the said Thomas ?Vasall and Robert Lewellen or one of them) did come abord the shipp the EnXXXXX (whereof the said ?Varsll was Mate) and soe went form this port of London therein as Chirugeon and Chirugeons mate or servant of the said shippe, ?then being then bound from hence to Virginia" (HCA 13/64 f.15r); "it is usuall fore such passengers at XXX hence to Virginia abord any shippe before theire departure from Gravesend to pay and allow 2:s 6:d p head to the Chirugeon of the ship in which they goe, for which doeing the said Chirugeon for all the tearme of the voyage afterwards is to looke XX XX in case any sicknesse or mischance befall them and this hee saith is comonly allowed as such as will give it over and besides his wages. And soe XXXX hee hath (as hee saith) observed 4 or 5 severall voyages XXXXX which hee hath made from hence to Virginia"[39]
Colo:es ("What Coloures did Captaine Colartes shippe weare att the time when (as itt is pretended) shee seized the Nativity did shee weare the Swedish, or what other Coloures and did nott the shippe the Nativity ware the Holland Coloures or what coloures did she ware or had shee nott the holland coloures aboard her declare the trueth" (HCA 23/19: Document Number: 4: Case: XXXX: Date: XXXX: no f., but recto))
Cleare shipp ("how long did the said Shippe stay at Tangier after some of the said Shipps Company made a oath that the Shippe was a cleare shippe" (HCA 23/19 no f.))
Colours
Comander
Commander
Common man ("hee was as aforesaid a Common man of the Agreement the voyage in question" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Common marriner ("whether were you are officer of the said shipp or a Common marriner if an officer what office did you beare in the said Shippe" (HCA 23/19))
Company ("Master and Company"; "how long did the said Shippe stay at Tangier after some of the said Shipps Company made a oath that the Shippe was a cleare shippe" (HCA 23/19 no f.))
Compassse (see Assineth compasse (= ?Azimoth; Assneth; Azimuth))
Contrary windes ("by meanes of Contrary windes, and Calmes, and Hurricanoes (which were very frequent then there insoemuch that neither the said Grove nor this deponent nor the other mates on board her could gaine the Latitude) The said ship did misse the Island of the Barbadoes"(HCA 13/73))
Cooke ("There were with this deponent three persons on board which was the whole Company the other two namely the skipper and Cooke are natives of ffrederickstadt where the skipper liveth when hee is at home and hath a wife and children there, all ffree persons under the Duke of Holstein"[40]
Cooke-Roome ("[coales] were they not burned in the said Shippes Cook-Roome dureing her voyage into the Straights" (HCA 23/19, no f.))
Cooper
Coquetts[41]; "Whether upon the next day after the premisses or thereabouts did not the Captaine of the said greate dutch shippe send some of his Company and Merchants aboard the said shippe the Providence to demand of the said Cheavers a view of his papers and cocquetts and by what authority hee came to trade there and whether did not the said Cheavers after there a coming aboard the shippe shew them his papers and cocquetts and made it appeare to them that the said shippe was in the service of the said Royall Company and was by them sent thither to trade for the said Company" (HCA 23/19 no f., but recto))
Cordage
Country boate ("there being a Country boate lyeing by the shipps side" (HCA 13/73))
Coyle of roaps ("the Master being displeased at the sayd Mayes words the sayd Master & the sayd May fell to strugling togeather, and the Master threw the sayd May over a coyle of roaps which lay iust behinde the sayd May and alsoe struck him the sayd may whereupon some of the sayd shipps Company that were next to them"[42]

Hollar, W, View down river from Westminster, mid-C17th[43]

BOOK PLATE Hollar Nodate View Down From West BFAC Cat 1920 IArch DL CSG 020212 copy.png

Crane ("he saith that to the laying and steeving of cotton wolls there is much tyme necessarilly spent in laying and removing of the Crane, the beames, the blockes and other necessary Implements" (HCA 13/71 f.?19?v))
Crowes ("one Iron rod two ladles ffifteene handspikes Seaventeene Crowes of iron" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Cutlass (= cutlasse) ("the sayd Swinburne the boatswaine did before the difference XXXX XXXX the sayd Master and the sayd May happened deliver to this deponent his Cutlass and Pistoll to keepe and this deponent laid them up in his Cabbin but the Cabbin having noe doore to it this deponent knoweth not who tooke the same out thXXX nor when it was taken thence"[44]


D


Deadfreight ("the occasion of the said ship Peace her Coming home dead ffreighted" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Deal merchant ("OLIVER LANGDON of Wapping Wall Deale Merchant aged 38 yeares or thereabouts sworne and examined")[45]
Deck ("upon his Coming aboard hee told the said Ketcher in the Presence of the Deck of the said Ship, that the Spaniards on shore would not upon any meanes let them have Prattick for their said Ship there" (HCA 13/73 Part One); "the said Oyles not Laden over the merchants Goods, but saith that a Little oyle did Leake out of the Caskes and runne upon the Deck, and fall threwe in to the hold of the said Ship, but did bit dammage above one hundred pound weight of the said ffish. of this deponents Certaine Knowledge, which said ffish soe ?damnifyed was (to prevent damage. which might have happen the other fish was not thereby damnifyed) throwne overboard into the sea" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Double shallup ("the double shallup or frigat named the ffrancis late of Deepe and nowe of this port of London of the burthen of thirteene tonnes or thereabouts" (HCA 13/69 no f.))


E


Easy saile ("the Agreement was sailing with an Easy saile leaving her Topsailes Lowered, and her spritsaile Crosse her nose, to keepe her Lead, and the Company of the said ffleete" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Ebb ("the space of One ffloude and two ebbs" (HCA 13/73))


F


Fathom
ffishing vessell ("the said vessell hath no decke being but a small ffishing vessell") [46]
Fitted
Flagg ("two Burgundy flaggs")[47]
ffloude ("the space of One ffloude and two ebbs" (HCA 13/73))
fflyboate ("and the fflyboate called the Agreement whereof Captaine Harwood was Comander")[48]
Floore timbers
ffloore tymber heads
Footewailing
Founding ("the said Grove did refuse to take more Salt on board the said Ship, And if the said Grove had taken more Salt on board it ?would have have very much endangered the founding and sinking of the said Ship, and the losse of her lading, and men on board her" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Fore topp saile
Forecastle ("the said Mate being discontented did speake to this deponent (hee being his turne to goe upon the deck to keepe watch) and desyre him that hee would take part with him the sayd May and goe upon the forecastle of the sayd shipp to take part with him in case the sayd Master should endeavour to yniflict any punishment upon him the sayd May touching the differences which had happened betweene them or hee")[49]
Foremast
Foremast man ("goeing a foremast man of the sayd ship the voyage in question" (HCA 13/73); "before the goeing forth of the sayd shipp the arlate Humfrey ffosse was hyred to goe Boatswaine and the arlate John Tucker Quartermaster and the arlate Charles Howgate a fore mast man of the sayd shipp Scipio the voyage in question" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Fore?peeke ("the said Grove did Lade on board the said Ship at Newfound Land about six hogsheads of Traine Oyle, w:ch was there stowed in the Lazaretto or the fore?peeke of the said Ship, and there Continued untill it was unladen at Nevis" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Foresaile ("the said ship running before the sea, under her foresaile" (HCA 13/73); "this deponent and Company were forced to haul the said foresaile of the said ship, and lye under a mizen" (HCA 13/73))
Foretopsaile ("the sayd Grove having caused the fore topp sayle to be lowered" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
ffraight
ffreight book ("the Interestedd Jonathan Hyde was this deponents purser, who he saith kept a freight Booke according to his place XXXXX XXXX XXXXXXX the number of all sorts of goods laden abord the said ship and what pipes, fats, Bales, parts, or other container of goods wares and Merchandizes were laden abord the same only the marke & numbers thereof and where and by whom laden and to whom and to what port the same were consigned and that
have firmed bill of ladeing for the same accordinglie")[50]
ffreighter (= fraighters)
Frigat ("the double shallup or frigat named the ffrancis late of Deepe and nowe of this port of London of the burthen of thirteene tonnes or thereabouts" (HCA 13/69 no f.))
Furnaces ("this rendent beleeveth that the Dutch and ffrench having their ships usually fitted with furnaces and other materialls in their ships, and not being permitted to have the freedome of harbors there, in Greeneland fish at sea but this rendent beleeveth that the ise with the English us the contrary" (HCA 13/128 verso & recto, Case: Edward Gosling, wages: Answer: Richard Batson: Date: XXXX))
Furniture ("the arlate shipp the Lady ffrigott & her tackle apparell & furniture" (HCA 13/73))


G


Granado ("the said Prince ?sent two persons disguised in a boate with a granado to the Parliaments fleete with a purpose to fire the Admirall of the said fleete, and that the said boate, granado and two persons were seized by some of the Parliaments fleete, and this was alsoe publiquely spoken at Lisbone"[51]
Great cabbin ("one of the ffrigatts Company y:e ffrancis the aclate Captaine William ?Brustowe Commander went on board and seized or stopped the shipp Saint Ignatius arlate in Yarmouth Roade within the Isle of Wight, And saith that under a little parcell of tobacco in a private place of the great Cabbin of the Saint Ignatius this deponent found the three schedules or ffrench lettres arlate Numbers 6. 7. 8 and breaking them open found them to bee ffrench but could not understand them, and some two dayes after such his finding of the said lettres this deponent gave them to the said Captaine William Burstow Commander of the said ffrancis ffrigatt")[52]
Great gunns ("the Thomas had noe Great Gunns on board her at the time of hee said seizure" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Gunn deck ("all her Cables and Provisions were upon the Gunne deck of the said Ship" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Gunnroome ("the said Ship shortly before she came to Milford Haven coming neere to a Little Illands (the name whereof hee knoweth not) came there to an Anchor, and there an English boate came of board her, and then all the Spaniards retired into the Gunnroome; saving John Lopez, and the said Betts XXX only appeared Master of the said ship" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Gunner
Gunners mate ("William Best of Corde in the County of Dorset Mariner Gunners Mate of the Shipp Peace aged twenty two yeares or thereabouts" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))


H


Halter ("a new halter")[53]
Hand spikes (= handspikes) ("hee this deponent thereupon went upon the forecastle where this deponent found divers others of the sayd shippes Company, and some hand spikes lying by them on the forecastle")[54]
Harponier ("beleeveth that this rendent, Master Beane & Master Goldegue (sic) did in or about the time arlate hyre and agree with the said Edward Goslinge to serve in the ship the Owners Adventure as a Harponier at first onely, and left it unto Thomas Damerell the Comander of the said ship to appoint him his mate if he pleased" (HCA 13/128 no fol. no. verso, Case: Edward Gosling, wages: Answer: Richard Batson: Date: XXXX))
Hawse ("the Hopefull Seaventure would have in stopped and in danger of being sunk by ?want the Comforts hawse or else her Cable must have yeilded and the ship Comfort have driven")[55]
Head ("hee doth not nowe remember whether the said ship was Laden above her Lading markes, nor how many feete shee drewe at her head or Sterne" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Helme ("Put the Helme hard a Starboard" (HCA 13/73); "called and cryed out six or seaven times aloud, and as loud as possibly they could to those of the Comfort to clap their helme a port that the Hopefull Seaventure might goe cleere")[56]
Hold ("shipped under water which came into the hold of the said ship" (HCA 13/73); "in a short time foure foote and a halfe of water in her hold, which caused the said XXX to lye dead in the sea" (HCA 13/73))
Hoy ("This Rendent saith that there was about 15 tonne of oyle taken out of the Lousia (sic) and sent upp in a hoy to this port of London but by whose order he knoweth not")[57]
Hoyle ("did not heare the said Grove Threaten the said Wood to hoyle him upp with the Tackling, or doe any Mischeife to him: neither did hee heare the said Grove threatened to sinke the boate wherein the said Wood came to the said Ships side" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Hower glass
Hull
Hurricanoes ("he said Ship in her passing from Newfoundland towards the Barbadoes did meet with many Hurricanoes Gal?wes , and Contrary winds"(HCA 13/73))


I


Imprsse (= impresse) ("about the time of the said affreightment there was a generall Embargo upon all English shipps and a generall Imprsse for all seamen in the publiqe service, and the said Caryll taking notice thereof this deponent heard him promise to procure a lycense for the sd shipp and a proteccon for her mariners from these Imprests And not long after the said promise hee saith the said Caryll gave by the hands of this deponent to the said Morley a paper or writing which hee procured upon the said voyage as also a protection for the security of the marriners from the said Impresse")[58]
Imprests
Instruments ("Swords and gunnes and other warlike Instruments" (HCA 13/73))



J


Jack ("A Burgundy Jack")[59]
Javelins
Junke ("the sayd May continuing ?say this discontent against the sayd Master did afterwards in the sayd shipps outwards voyage speake to this deponent and tell him that hee the sayd May would upon hee arrived in India buy a Junke and goe on hence and leave the sayd shipp and persuaded this deponent to goe a longe with him the sayd May and this deponent ?thereto replyed if I forsake the shipp how shall I get my wages"HCA 13/71 f. 307r-307v


K


Ketch ("there arrived severall Ketches at Nevis and S:t Christophers laden with ffish and other ?provisions"(HCA 13/73 Part Two))



L


Laden ("on the said Ship passage from ffrance with her said Lading of salt to Newfoundland hee this deponent did heare the said Wood say and declare that the said Ship was Laden Deep Enough" /HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Lading ("ships lading"; "ladeing of salt" (HCA 13/73))
Lading markes ("hee doth not nowe remember whether the said ship was Laden above her Lading markes, nor how many feete shee drewe at her head or Sterne" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Ladeing
Lanthornes
Larboard
Lazaretto ("the said Grove did Lade on board the said Ship at Newfound Land about six hogsheads of Traine Oyle, which was there stowed in the Lazaretto or the fore?peeke of the said Ship, and there Continued untill it was unladen at Nevis" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Lea ("keeping her helme a Lea, upon on Tack, and hard a weather on her other Tack" (HCA 13/73))
Lead and line
Leewards ("made fast on the said Shipp to Leewards" (HCA 13/73 Part Two)
Leiftenanant (CHECK SPELLING) ("Examined upon an allagation on behalfe of the Keepers of the Liberty of England by Authority of Parliament. JOHN MAJOR of East Smith feild in the County of Middlesex Leiftenanant of the Elizabeth frigot in the immediate service of this Commonwealth aged five and twenty yeares or thereabouts a witnes" (HCA 13/68 Part One f.23r))
Letters of marque
Lighter ("three Lighters of Coles" (HCA 13/73))
Long boate ("the shipps longe boate" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Lord High Admirall (Whether att the time when the said Nativity Was stayed neere ffalmouth and seized to the use of his Royall Highness the Lord High Admirall aforesaid by his Officers and Ministers and whilest they remayned aboard the said shippe, did nott the Commander and Company of the said shippe designe and contrive and indeavour to blowe the said shippe up with Gunpowder" (HCA 23/19); "his Royall Highness the Grastious Prince, James Duke of Yorke & Albanie Lord High Admirall of England" (HCA 23/19))



M


Main mast
Main saile
Maine topsaile ("the companye of the said shipp did take in her maine topsaile to hinder the shipps makeinge too much way it being in the night and very darke")[60]
Management ("the said Luke Wood being a part ffreighter of the said ship was, and went supra cargoe of the said ship the said yoyage and had and tooke upon him the care charge and management of the whole Lading of the said ship in reference to himselfe, and y:e rest of the owners of the lading of the said ship" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))

Capt. John Kempthorne's engagment with six ships of Algiers in 1669, Hollar, W[61]

CAPTURE Hollar W Kempthorne 1669 Naval Battle Algiers Wikipedia 150812.JPG

Manne of warre ("used and imployed the said shippe as a man of warre" (HCA 23/19))
Mariner ("at all the times that the said Ship was receiving and taking in her lading of ffish at Newfound Land the said Luke Wood had all the mariners of the said ship (but three or foure.) on shore" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Marriner ("whether were you are officer of the said shipp or a common marriner if an officer what office did you beare in the said shippe" (HCA 23/19))
Master ("Master and Commander"; "the arlate Thomas Grove then and alsoe during all the tyme arlate in the yeares 1657 and 1658 was Master and commander of the sayd shipp PeaXe and had the charge and government of her as Master during the voyage in question" (HCA 13/73); "the master and mariners of the sayd shipp" (HCA 13/73); "Master and commander of the arlate shipp the Scipio, and had the care and charge of her as master and commander committed to him (as hee beleeveth) by her owners" (HCA 13/73))
Masters mate ("the arlate Luke Woods and the arlate William Tizard (who was masters mate of the Peace) called early in the morning for the mariners of the sayd shipp to goe a shoare with their boates to assiste in carrying aboard and ladeing the sayd shipp with the sayd ffish" (HCA 13/73))
Mate ("the care and lookeing to the making of the said stanchions did proply belong to the sayd James Cooke and Maynard Johnson as mate and boatswayne, which hee knoweth by the observation he hath made of the dutyes of mates and boatswaynes in the like case, for many years that he hath used the sea as a merchant")[62]
Materiall
Middle deckes ("this deponent before the sayd tyme had out of the sayd shipp from betwixt the middle deckes thereof two small casks of oyle")[63]
Midshippman (= midshipman) ("CALEB KYRNE of Radcliff in the county of Middlesex mariner one of the company of the shipp the Vine and midshippman of her, aged twenty fower yeares or
thereabouts a witness")[64]
Midships ("the Abigail would undoubtedly runne directly upon the midships of the Agreement and by that meanes sinke her and her lading imediately" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Midshipps
Minute glass
Missen saile ("the said ships ?missen saile was blowne away, and lost, and by Meanes of looseing the Misen, y:e said ship lay broad XXX to the sea" (HCA 13/73))
Misson mast (whether the Prospous did not runne her ?bolt spritt betweene the misson mast and misson shrowdes of the Swanne on the star board quarter?" (HCA 23/19))
Misson shrowd ("whether the Prospous did not runne her ?bolt spritt betweene the misson mast and misson shrowdes of the Swanne on the star board quarter?" (HCA 23/19))
Mizen ("a mizen"; "the company of the said ship were for?ced to hand their foresaile and lye under a mizen" (HCA 13/73 Part Two)
Mizen saile ("the mizen saile (which is not set downe in the said schedule) was worth at the time of the said blowing away about foure pounds"(HCA 13/73))
Mizzen mast
Muskett


N


Navell timbers
Necessaries ("her provisions & other necessaries" (HCA 13/73))



O


Officer ("whether he was not in the yeares 1650. 1651. 1652. 1653. 1654. 1655. 1656. 1657: (or when) an Officer or Clarke to or under the then Collectors or Commissioners of Prize goods" (HCA 23/19 no fol. no. recto, Document Number: 242: Case: XXXX: Date: XXXX))
Ordinance ("32 peeces of Ordnance besides tenne peeces Laden for y:e BulXXX Acco:t 36. or 34 barrills of powder about 30:ty musketts & as many Pikes w:th some Great & small shott & bandaliers w:th all things ?proporonable and fitt both for her companie and her voyage upon w:ch shee was designed")[65]
Owner ("Owners & Adventuers in the sayd shipp" (HCA 13/73))



P


Part owner ("the said Luke Wood being a part ffreighte:r of the said ship (the Peace) was, and went Supra Cargoe of the said Ship y:e said Voyage" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Pikes ("one Musketts three Carbines One blunderbus fourteene halfe pikes Sixe quarter pikes thirteene Swords Eleaven Javelins" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Pilotage ("it being very notorious & well knowne to the sd M:r Wayn Wright & all other mrchants that use the East countrey trade that every Last of wheate payeth one dollar the charges at Stettin & Stralsound & the charges for Smacks & boates to bring y:e sd corne on board, & petty pilotage & other dutyes, all w:ch hee this rendent did really pay" (HCA 13/129 no f.))
Pinnace ("three pinnaces in y:e Company of the said ship Turtle Dove, which were alsoe in the service of the Dutch East India Company" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Pistill (= pistoll) ("hee heard the Carpenter of the sayd shipp & others of the sayd shipps company saye that they sawe him discharge the sayd pistill against an Anchor stock & that the same was charged with a brace of bulletts")[66]
Pistoll (= pistill) ("the sayd Swinburne the boatswaine did before the difference XXXX XXXX the sayd M:r & the sayd May happened deliver to this deponent his Cutlass & Pistoll to keepe & this deponent laid them up in his Cabbin but the Cabbin having noe doore to it this deponent knoweth not who tooke the same out thXXX nor when it was taken thence")[67]
Poope ("a white Ancient in her poope" (HCA 13/73))
Porter
Presse ("by reason of a presse for sea men at Dover for the service of the sate at XX tyme as the shipp Interr was sett out to sea by the producents, they the sayd producents did make use of divers ffrench mariners to sayle in the sayd shipp the voyage in question" (HCA 13/69 no f.))
Prize
Prize Office ("the arlate John Day who was a very great dealer w:th the sd Prize Office; and did as this depo:t verily beleveth deale w:th the sd Office as a merch:t on his owne acc:t for severall thousand pounds and hee the sd John day bought of the sd Prize Office the arlate Ship Prophet Elias and alsoe the rest of the things arlate")[68]
Prize Ship ("this depo:t is well assured it cannot be made appeare that ever the sayd M:r Luke Lucy did ever buy y:e contract for any Prize Ship or goods or Subscribe to any sale or contract for any such ?within the time mentioned in the libell given ag:t him")[69]
Provisions ("her provisions & other necessaries" (HCA 13/73))
Pursers booke (= pursres booke) ("the Booke ?interted now showed unto him is a Coppie of this deponents said Pursers Booke for the said shipps ladeing the originall whereof ?hee saith was very faithfully and exactly kept by his said Purser and everything entred thereinto according to XX verity and truth of the matter")[70]
Pylott ("this deponent goeing Pylott of the ffrancis & John (HCA 13/73); " there happened some differences and discention betweene the sayd Barker the Master, and John May his cheife Mate and Pylott, which first arose (as this deponent hath heard and beleeveth) for that the sayd May did demande a greater or further allowance of wine & victualls in behalfe of the sayd shipps company hee was allowed of by the sayd Master, and alsoe about the Master takeing from him the sayd May a Compasse called an Assineth Compasse")[71]



Q


Quarter (["the Abigaile] in a willfull or careless manner came up to the said Ship the Agreement and glanced by her, and onely touched her bow and quarter" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Quarter deck ("the sayd compasse was soone after brought to the sayd
Master upon the Quarter deck")HCA 13/71 f.308v-f.309r
Quarter Master (= Quartermaster) ("Daniell Harman of Lymehouse in the prish of Stepney and county of Middlesex mariner at first quarter master and since boatswaine of the shipp the Vine of London aged thirty seaven yeares or thereabouts a witness")[72]
Quartermasters mate ("the premisses he knoweth being quartermasters mate of the Advantage frigot aforesayd and present aboard her att the fight and seizure aforesayd")[73]


R


Receiving ("at all the times that the said Ship was receiving and taking in her lading of ffish at Newfound Land the said Luke Wood had all the mariners of the said Ship (but three or foure.) on shore" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Rigging ("running rigging sufficient to bring the Ship to London" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Ring ("the ring of the said Ancho:r" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Road
Roade ("Petrao Roade" (HCA 13/73))
Rope merchant ("Henry Hughes of Deptford in the County of Kent Rope merchant aged twenty four yeares or thereabouts")[74]
Ropes ("Cut downe the maine mast. by the board. and cut away the Ropes and Tackling thereto belonging" (HCA 13/73))
Round house ("In the round house a drawing table some old wastX lXXXhes & pendant One XXXX lead and line, one Bell ffive Compasses One watch glasse ffower halfe hower glasses two Minute glasses a long boate with sixe Oares ?Pumpe boxes pimpe brakes with some planks and other lumber about the shippe" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Rowers ("upon every ?thirteene tonne of oyle well made & boiled in Greenland and not otherwise as hee beleeveth there is out of every ?thirteene tonns of oile due to the harponiers stiersman and Rowers the sum of fifteene pounds and not above as he beleeveth and soe afte the same ppocon for a lesser quantity of tonnes but how the same was to be directed amongst them this rendent knoweth not" (HCA 13/128 no fol. no. verso, Case: Edward Gosling, wages: Answer: Richard Batson: Date: XXXX))
Rowling ("by the said ships Rowlings it bilged a hole in the XXXX of the said ship" (HCA 13/73))
Rudder ("great Damage done to the Rudder Sterne post and Sterne of the said ship" (HCA 13/73))



S


Saile
Saile cloath ("two halfe rolls of new saile cloath")[75]
Sands
Sayle ("the sayd Grove commanded the sayd shipp to be brought to sayle" (HCA 13/73); "one Missen and one Missen top Sayle one main top gallant Sayle two mayn sayles two foresailes two maintopsailes two fore topsailes One foretopgallant Saile One Spritt Saile one Spritsaile topSaile" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
?Scuturage ("the provision and ?scuturage of the same doth amount to about 375:li sterl." (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Seaman ("he hath well knowne the said Thomas Grove for above 24 yeeres last, and hath gone to sea with him, and thereby knoweth that hee is a very Able Seaman and mariner, and hath belonged to the sea, as a mariner and master, for theise twenty yeeres last, and hath bin Master of the said Ship Peace for theise three yeeres last, And saith that for an Able, skillfull, and Experienced Seaman hee the said Thomas Groves was and is Commonly Accounted, reputed, and taken" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Second mate ("Sidrack Wills of Ratcliffe in y:e County of Middlesex Mariner late Second Mate of the sayd shipp the Exchange; aged twenty eight yeares or thereabouts")</ref>HCA 17/71 f.106r</ref>
Shallopp
Shallup ("the double shallup or frigat named the ffrancis late of Deepe and nowe of this port of London of the burthen of thirteene tonnes or thereabouts" (HCA 13/69 no f.))
Sheath anchor ("her ?sheath Anchor was well and sufficiently fastened to the side of the said ship" (HCA 13/73))
Sheats anchor
Shete cable ("at the time interrate all the said ships provisions, Tackling, and Cables were betweene Decks" (HCA 13/73 Part Two); "one shete cable one best bower cable and an old XXXX for a small bower Cable" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Calkinge ("for want of calkinge" (HCA 24/112))
Ship of warre
Ships affayres ("for the better mannagement of the sayd shipps affayers" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Ships deck ("Mr Sparkes the next day did onboard the said ship Hopefull Seaventure in the presence of this deponent & the rest of the said ships company confesse that there was none upon his ships deck the time aforesd & that his watch was asleep in the Cooke roome")[76]
Shipps crewe ("this deponent (when hee was on shore with the said Luke Wood) did see and hear many of the Inhabitants, of Newfoundland laugh & mock at this deponent and the said Luke Wood and the rest of the shipps Crewe that were on shore; for being soe many of them on shore to make up and send ffish on board the said Ship; and leaveing their ship with soe few men on board her" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Shipwright
Shipps boate
Shott
Shrowds ("IMPRIMIS Masted fore and afte the small mast excepted, the Shrowds and all the standing Rigging are abord the Ship" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657))
Sinking ("the said Grove did refuse to take more Salt on board the said Ship, And if the said Grove had taken more Salt on board it ?would have have very much endangered the founding and sinking of the said Ship, and the losse of her lading, and men on board her" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Skiffe ("presently after the said Ward Master went aboard, and had private conferrence with the Lord Willowby and the seamen of the ship Parramore were commanded to pvide their skiffe in readinesse with Armes under pretence to secure their said Master from harme, but straight they were commanded by the said Ward Master to Ayd Certaine of the Malignant Parties a?shore and to secure them from Captain Strong, and Captain Starre who otherwise might have apprehended them for the states of England" (HCA 1/8 f.8X))
Sparrs ("the onely cause of the losse of all the horses was because the stanchions were not made strong as they ought to have bene, and as they might have bene had they when the stowage did concerne made use of the sparrs which this deponent had provided for that purpose, which hee saith were strong and good")[77]
Sponges ("Captaine Brandley Commander of the Squadron whereto the Kentish frigot did belong, did cause three small Iron gunnes with their carriages wormes sponges and other appartenances to be taken out of the Lowisa into the Kentish frigot for the service of this Commonwealth")[78]
Spritsaile (= sprittsaile) ("her spritsaile was XXX away, by the violence of the said Storme" (HCA 13/73); "the Agreement was sailing with and Easy saile leaving her Topsailes Lowered, and her spritsaile Crosse her nose, to keepe her Lead, and the Company of the said ffleete" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Sprittsaile yarde ("such touching the sd yard arme might have bin easily p:rvented if the Master and Company of the Comfort or any of them had bin at hand to have put their helme a port or topped their sprittsaile yard" (HCA 13/76 Part One f.55r))
Squadron ("Captaine Brandley Commander of the Squadron whereto the Kentish frigot did belong, did cause three small Iron gunnes with their carriages wormes sponges and other appartenances to be taken out of the Lowisa into the Kentish frigot for the service of this Commonwealth")[79]
Stanchions ("This deponent saith that the sayd horses being so putt on board, the sayd shipp Tankervale putt out to sea and soone after upon the shippes working, the stanchions in which the sayd horses were placed did breake downe in regard they were too weake, and the sayd horses by reason of such bad stowage fell fell one upon another, and thereby one killed another and all of them dyed except one horse")HCA 13/71 f.168r-f.168v
Starboard ("Put the Helme hard a Starboard" (HCA 13/73))
Steersman (= stiersman)
Steeving (= stieving; to steeve) ("hee well knoweth and affirmeth for a trueth well knowne to Masters and Mariners using that trade, that fortie fower men aboard a shipp of two of three hundred tunnes or thereabouts having already received and laden aboard her one hundred baggs of wool and 400 baggs and upwards of gaulls cannot possibilie bring on board receive lade and ?steeve above eight baggs or Cyprus woolls aday one day with another considereing all the troubles accident and incident to such ladeing as the fetching of the steeving heare and provisions and the wools to be steeved, fitting and repariing the steeving geare upon all ?emergent occasions and carrying the same ashoare againe" (HCA 13/69 f.?19r))
Steeving geare
Steeving instruments ("the sayd steeving Instruments")[80]
Stern ("the said ships stern gave way" (HCA 13/73); "the stern poast Rudder and sterne of the said Shipp" (HCA 13/73))
Sterne ("Sterne part")
Steward ("All which hee knoweth to bee true hee this deponent being and goeing out Steward of and in the said ship when she soe went out from the port"[81]; "hee was Steward of the said Shipp Royall when She seized the Shipp Godliffee aforesd")[82]
Stiffening ("the said Grove did refuse to let the said Salt goe out of the said Ship at that p:rsent time; telling the said Wood. that if the same was Delivered out of the said Ship, shee would want stiffening, but desired the said Wood to stay a little space untill hee Gott stones to stiffen and ballast the said ship to keepe her streight and right" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Stones ("the said Grove had not men sufficient to fetch Stones, to stiffen the said Ship, and saith further that Salt may bee and is sooner unladen, and put into Boates and sent on shore, than boates cann goe to shore and gather stones, and returne aboard againe" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Stoped (= stopped) ("stoped her Leakes" (HCA 13/73))
Stowe ("all the mariners of the said Ship (but three or foure.) on shore: and saith that those which were kept on board by the said Grove at the severall times of the sending fish on board at Newfound-land were kept to looke to the said Ship and to receive and stowe y:e said ffish on board the said Ship, and to Deliver out the Salt from on board the said Ship" (HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Strong ("the said ship was strong strong and Tight, and was well fitted with all manner of necessaryes and materialls for the said voyage" (HCA 13/73))
Supracargo ("hee was by the sayd Brewer & Crispe intrusted to goe supracargo upon the sayd shipp and voyage ?as well for the management of their sayd five eighth parts as for him selfe and the manageing of the sayd three eighth parts of the sayd shipp ?soe ?lett to him the sayd Wood by the sayd Grove" (HCA 13/73))
Supra cargoe
Swift saile ("the Master and Company of the Abigaile did in a wilfull or Carles manner come on after the Agreement with a swift saile, and before the winde" (HCA 13/73 part One))


T


Tack ("keeping her helme a Lea, upon on Tack, and hard a weather on her other Tack" (HCA 13/73))
Tackle ("all and singular the Tackle Apparrell funiture and things belonging
to the said ship y:e Oporto Merchant" (HCA 13/73))
Tackling ("Cut downe y:e maine mast. by the board. and cut away. y:e Ropes and Tackling thereto belonging" (HCA 13/73))
Tierce ("in the lading of cotton wools It is the usuall way and Custome first to lay a tierce of baggs, and then to steeve in as many more as are Layd in the Tierce")[83]
Tiller ("ships Tiller")
Topsaile (= top saile) ("the Agreem:t was sailing with and Easy saile leaving her Topsailes Lowered, and her spritsaile Crosse her nose, to keepe her Lead, and y:e Company of y:e said ffleete" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Top sayle
Tradeing voyage ("hee was hyred only to goe upon a tradeing voyage back to London and not to XXXX ports or places as the sayd Ewens ffactors got imployment" (HCA 13/73 Part One))



V


Viceadmiralty ("what was the name of him that Marshall of the Viceadmiralty of Dorsett in that time?" (HCA 23/19))
Victualls



W


Watermen ("The humble Remonstrance of diveres watermen plyeing at S:t Katherines' staires and other the Inhabitants there bordering uppon the River of Thames whose names are hereunto subscribed" (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Petition of divers watermen plyeing at S:t Katherines Staires and other the Inhabitants there bordering upon the River of Thames: Date: XXXX))
Watch ("the p:rmisses hee deposeth of ?sight & certayne knowledge being an eye & eare wittness thereof & one of the watch the tyme aforesayd"(HCA 13/73 Part Two))
Wharffes ("the Inhabitants there who haveing wharffes and parte of theire habitations bordering uppon the River of Thames are often times destroyed and pulled downe thereby without any satisfaction given, but onely reproachfull speeches") (HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Petition of divers watermen plyeing at S:t Katherines Staires and other the Inhabitants there bordering upon the River of Thames: Date: XXXX))
Winde ("then stood to the winde of her" (HCA 13/73))
Winde bounde ("the shipp being bound upon a fishing designe & the season somewhat spent allready by the shipps lying soe long winde bound as she had done" (HCA 13/73))
Windward (= windeward) ("asked them howe farr the said ship, was to windward of the Barbadoes" (HCA 13/73); "at y:e said time when y:e Abigail glanced by y:e Agreem:t & touched her bowe & quarter as aforesaid y:e Abigaile was to windeward" (HCA 13/73 Part One))
Wormes ("Captaine Brandley Commander of the Squadron whereto the Kentish frigot did belong, did cause three small Iron gunnes with their carriages wormes sponges and other appartenances to be taken out of the Lowisa into the Kentish frigot for the service of this Commonwealth")[84]



Y


Yard ("y:e sd violent Storme Still Continuing. it blewe away the said Ships Mizen Saile from y:e yard" (HCA 13/73 Part Two)

Yard arme ("notwithstanding this neglect in them the sd ship Hopefull Seaventure by gods blessing upon y:e endeavo:r of the XX M:r & Company went clere of the Comfort & never touched her head Boltspritt masts or any pt of the yards, or any thing els belonging to her only y:e yard arme of the spritsaile w:ch was soe slightly touched that noe XXX was done to it or to the sd ship Comfort of his surtaine knowledge of this depo:T who was an eye witnes thereof, and saith that such touching the sd yard arme might have bin easily p:rvented if the M:r & Company of the Comfort or any of them had bin at hand to have put their XXXX a port or topped their sprittsaile yard")</ref>HCA 13/76 f.55r</ref>
  1. HCA 13/73
  2. HCA 13/73
  3. HCA 13/76 f.1r
  4. HCA 13/73
  5. HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657
  6. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  7. HCA 13/73
  8. HCA 13/71 f.307?v
  9. HCA 13/76 f.83r
  10. HCA 13/73 Part Two
  11. HCA 13/71 f.?19?v
  12. HCA 13/64 f.27r
  13. HCA 13/69 no f. no.
  14. HCA 13/71 f.?19?v
  15. HCA 13/73
  16. HCA 13/73
  17. HCA 13/73
  18. HCA 13/73
  19. HCA 23/19 no f. no.
  20. Billender. Billenders appear in CSPD in the early & mid-C17th. A Swedish secondary source dating from 1768 shows an illustration of a "bilander" as a two masted ship with a ?lanteene sail mounted on the lower part of the rear mast. Sammanställning av fartygstyper av Fredrik Henric af Chapman som beskrivs i planschverket "Architectura Navalis Mercatoria" (XXXX, 1768), viewed 16/05/12
  21. HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Petition of divers watermen plyeing at S:t Katherines Staires and other the Inhabitants there bordering upon the River of Thames: Date: XXXX
  22. HCA 13/71 f.?19?v
  23. HCA 13/73
  24. HCA 13/71 f.307v
  25. HCA 13/71 f.168r
  26. HCA 23/19
  27. HCA 13/76 f.55r
  28. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  29. HCA 13/73
  30. HCA 13/73
  31. HCA 15/6 Box One no folio no., Item: Inventory of the ship the Gilbert now in the River of Thames: Date: November 11:th 1657
  32. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  33. HCA 13/73
  34. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  35. HCA 13/76 f.55v
  36. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  37. HCA 13/64 f.6r
  38. HCA 13/64 f.11r
  39. HCA 13/64 f.15r
  40. HCA 13/76 f.5v
  41. HCA 13/68 f.3v
  42. HCA 13/71 f.309v
  43. XXXX
  44. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  45. HCA 13/71 f.454v
  46. HCA 13/76 f.74v
  47. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  48. HCA 13/64 f.6?
  49. HCA 13/71 f.307v
  50. HCA 13/64 f.6v
  51. HCA 13/64 f.27r
  52. HCA 13/76 f.203r
  53. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  54. HCA 13/71 f.307v
  55. HCA 13/76 f.55r
  56. HCA 13/76 f.55r
  57. HCA 13/68 f.22r
  58. HCA 13/76 f.1r
  59. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  60. HCA 13/124 f.22v
  61. Wenceslaus Hollar, 'Captain John Kempthorne's Engagement With Six Ships of Algiers in 1669', from Macaulay's History of England, Macmillan 1913, and sourced from Wikipedia Commons
  62. HCA 13/71 f.168v
  63. HCA 13/68 f.7r
  64. HCA 13/71 f.309v
  65. HCA 13/64 f.6r
  66. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  67. HCA 13/71 f.309r
  68. HCA 13/76 f.51r
  69. HCA 13/76 f.51r
  70. HCA 13/64 f.6v
  71. HCA 13/71 f.307v
  72. HCA 13/71 f.307r
  73. HCA 13/68 f.7v
  74. HCA 13/71 f.20r
  75. HCA 13/76 f.79v
  76. HCA 13/76 f.55r
  77. HCA 13/71 f.168v
  78. HCA 13/68 f.22r
  79. HCA 13/68 f.22r
  80. HCA 13/71 f.21v
  81. HCA 13/64 f.15r
  82. HCA 13/76 f.28r
  83. HCA 13/71 f.19v
  84. HCA 13/68 f.22r