HCA 13/73 f.23r Annotate

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HCA 13/73 f.23r: Right click on image for full size image in separate window


To the 17th hee saith there once came an Auncient man in a
Boate to the side of the said Ship while shee lay in the Road of
Oratavo, who pretended himselfe to be the ffactor or Merchant, to
the sais Ship was Consigned, And saith the said Tye knewe him
not neither did hee knowe whether hee was the right ffactor or
not, And the said pretended ffactor desired that foure of the
Company might goe on shore to Oratava, And saith the said
pretended ffactor; in all that time or at any other time during the
said ships being there did not ever say or declare, or send any word that hee
had promised practick for the said Ship, or could for the same,
And never shewed the said Ketcher any License in writing or
otherwise; And saith hee beleeveth that the said Antient man
aforesaid was not the Reall ffactor to whom the said goods were
Consigned, and the reason of such his beleefe [XXXXX] is for that
one Captaine Cornel[?ius] [XXX] of a Dutch ship then Lyeing in
Oratava Road said and [XXXXXX] the said ffactor [XXXXXX GUTTER
that the said Ketcher or one of his Company [XXXXX] was a younge man, And
further hee cannot depose:/:

To the 18th hee saith that there was not any Spanish Boate nor
any other Boate whatever that did follow or come unto the said
ship the Lisbone ffrigot after she went away from Oratava either
to Gazachico, or any other place neither did the said Pretended
ffactor ever after the said ships
departure from Oratavo, see or speake with the said Ketcher, or any
of his Company, neither was it (as hee saith) a probable thing for
him to come after him in any Boate both for the stormynes of the
Seas, and the Swiftsayling of the said Ship. And further hee Cannot
depose :/:

To the 19th hee cannot depose

To the 20th hee saith that the said Ketcher and his Company finding
that there was not practick to be gotten at the Canaries, for their
said ship did upon a serious Consideration saile the said ship to
the Madera Islands, and there safely arrived, and after such their
arrivall there the said Kitcher applyed himselfe to one [?Ald:r] Ward , and one
Mr Pickford for their advice and directions, in the sale and Disposing
of the said goods and Merchandizes, for the best advantage of the
ffreighters, and part of the said goods, were
there left with the said Pickford and the rest of the said goods
which shee had on board, were by direction and advise of the said Pickford
or Ward carried in the said Ship, to the Coast of Barbary and
there sold, and Bartered the same for wax, and other Comodityes
to the best Advantage to the said ffreighters, which said wax and
Comodityes being taken aboard the said ship, shee sailed to the
Maderas againe: (she being ordered soe to doe by the said
Pickford or Ward before her goeing from the Maderas to the Coast
of Barbary.) where shee tooke in the proceeds of the foresaid
goods which shee left there with the said Pickford, and with the
same, and the said goods which shee tooke in at Barbary shee [XXX XXX GUTTER]



Mr Pickford

"A number of people of English, Scottish and Irish extraction had lived in Madeira since the fifteenth century...The pioneer English merchant was Robert Willoughby who arrived in Funchal as a young man about 1590. He was a staunch Catholic, and much in favour in Lisbon and Madrid and was buried at the Franciscan convent in Funchal. More important was William Ray who in 1620 paid more duty for goods exported from Funchal than any other merchant - though it needs to be remembered that Portuguese merchants exporting goods in Portuguese ships were not subject to duty. During the middle years of the seventeenth century the principal merchant was Richard Pickford, active from 1638 to 1682, above all in the wine trade. The best known is William Bolton whose extensive correspondence has been published in the Bolton Letters (1928).[1]

"In the second half of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth century, firms usually consisted of two closely related merchants - two brothers, a father and son, or an uncle and nephew. Occasionally two or three unrelated merchants pooled their talents and resources and shared risks, as did Obadiah Allen and Richard Pickford in the 1670s and 1680s, Richard Miles and Richard Richbell in the 1700s, and William Bolton, Sr, John Morgan, and Marmaduke Darrell in the 1700s and 170s, but these were exceptions. Bonds between non-relatives were less close. Allen & Pickford joined with William Freeman of Nevis and London in the 1670s, but as correspondents, not partners. Similarly, Bolton, Darrell and Morgan joined with Robert Heysham of London and his brother William Heysham of Barbados - as agents...

By the first quarter of the eighteenth century (1703-1728), the English-speaking merchant community of 43 men still had only four partnerships and firms - Bolton, Darrell & Morgan (which evolved into Bolton and Darrell upon Morgan's demise), Lynch & Lynch, Miles & Richbell (which evolved into Miles & Miles upon Richbell's death), plus James Gordon's brief alliance with Manoel Da Costa Campos and, when that broke up, William Halloran's partnership with Campos. All other Britosh traders appear to have operated as sole proprietors, as did the Portuguese except Da Costa Campos."[2]
  1. Marcus Binney, The Blandys of Madeira: 1811-2011 (XXX, 2011), p.12, viewed 29/07/13
  2. David Hancock. Excerpts from Oceans of wine, empires of commerce - merchants into capitalists: Madeira wine and the developing Atlantic economy, 1640-1815, Yale Seminar Paper (XXXX), p.484, viewed 29/07/13